Guide to the Spokeswoman Magazine Printed Materials Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.0931
Creators:
Spokeswoman Magazine
Political History, Division of (NMAH)
Dates:
1972-1980
Languages:
English
Collection is in English.
Physical Description:
2 Cubic feet
4 boxes
Repository:
Printed materials spanning 1972-1980, relating to second-wave feminism and women's rights, mainly newsletters and periodicals and focused on the Equal Rights Amendment, Title IX, reproductive healthcare rights, and educational equality. Well-known organizations included in the collection are NOW (National Organization for Women), Planned Parenthood, United States Department of Labor, and the United States Commission on Civil Rights.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Printed research materials compiled by writers for the (now defunct) magazine. The research files include articles and reports published by activist and political groups, Congressional committees, agencies of the government, and universities on issues relating to women and children, including civil rights, the Equal Rights Amendment, economic equality, family planning and reproductive rights, poverty, minorities, Title IX, women's health, and other issues. The bulk of materials were printed in 1978 and 1979.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Collection is arranged into six series.
Series 1: Legal and Civil Rights, 1972-1980
Series 2: Education, 1972-1980
Series 3: Women's Healthcare, 1972-1980
Series 4: Employment, 1972-1980
Series 5: Various Topics, 1972-1980
Series 6: Newspapers, 1977-1979

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
A magazine based in Washington, DC during the late 1970s, Spokeswoman covered topics relating to the welfare of women. Although the collection does not include any Spokeswoman magazines, the organization collected the materials during the time in which the magazine was active. The majority of the publications relate to legal and civil rights, equality in education, women's healthcare, and employment equality.
Title IX, which prohibits any educational organization or activity that receives federal monies from discriminating on the basis of sex, was ratified into law in 1972. The materials in the collection focus on the implementation and effects of putting the law into place.
The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), which has never been made into law, came up for consideration for the second time in 1972. The legislation sought to amend the Constitution so that it protected the legal rights and equality of women. It was approved by Congress and was sent to state legislatures for ratification with an extended deadline set for 1982. Due to conservative opposition, it was not ratified. The collection is focused on this time frame, and includes many news updates and opinions on the ERA ratification process.
The Supreme Court case Roe v. Wade was decided in 1973, which protected the legal right of women to choose whether or not to terminate a pregnancy. The collection features many publications by Planned Parenthood as well as many other sources regarding women's reproductive healthcare.
The Spokeswoman Magazine Printed Materials Collection serves as a window into the world of feminists and women's rights activists from 1972 to 1980, and the topics discussed encompass the most important legislation and issues of the time period.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by Holly Nelson, 2016.
Author
Holly Nelson
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Donated by Spokeswoman Magazine to the National Museum of American History's Division of Political History in 1982.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Spokeswoman Magazine, 1972-1980, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Custodial History
Custodial History
Transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Political History in 2006.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Newsletters -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Feminism Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Civil rights -- United States Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Articles -- 1950-2000 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Equality Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Poverty Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Books Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Family planning -- attitudes toward Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pamphlets Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Periodicals Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Women's rights Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reports -- 1950-2000 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Periodicals -- Publishing Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Booklets Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Activism Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Journals (periodicals) Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Political History, Division of (NMAH) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives