Guide to the Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection, 1905-1986, bulk 1905-1916
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1026
Creators:
Enterline, Stevenson
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI
Eney, William J.
Quebec Bridge Company.
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI.
Dates:
1905-1986
bulk 1905-1916
Languages:
English
Collection is in English.
Physical Description:
0.5 Cubic feet
3 boxes, 1 oversized folder
Repository:
The collection documents the construction of the first and second Quebec Bridges over the St. Lawrence River. Construction on the first bridge began in 1900 and the bridge collapsed before completion in 1907. Construction on the second Quebec Bridge, which is the longest cantilever bridge in the world, was completed in 1917.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection documents the construction of the first and second Quebec Bridges over the St. Lawrence River primarily through photographs. The collection is arranged into two series: Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965 and Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986.
Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965, is divided into two subseries: Subseries 1.1, Photographs, 1907-1965 and Subseries 1.2, Photograph Album, 1905. The black-and-white photographs primarily document the construction of the second Quebec Bridge, 1907-1917. Many of these photographs were taken in a workshop where the production of the bridge parts and building materials occurred. One picture, marked number 24, is of the Prime Minister of Canada, Robert Borden, attending the construction site in October 1913. This series also contains photographs of the 1907 bridge collapse and pictures taken in 1965 of the current second bridge. Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905, documents the construction of the first Quebec cantilever bridge. The album contains mounted black-and-white photographs taken between May 12 and November 23, 1905.
Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986, consists of newspaper articles and postcards. The newspaper articles detail the 1916 construction accident on the second Quebec bridge; one 1917 article about the bridge; and one 1986 article about the 1907 collapse of the first bridge. There are three postcards, both black-and-white and color, of the Quebec Bridge.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Collection is arranged into two series.
Series 1, Photographic Materials, 1905-1965
Subseries 1, Photographs, 1907-1965
Subseries 2, Photograph Album, 1905
Series 2, Other Materials, 1916-1986

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
The first Quebec Bridge was built over the St. Lawrence River in order to connect important railroad lines.[1] This bridge collapsed on August 29, 1907, killing 79 men.[2] The engineers for the second bridge were Maurice Fitzmaurice, H.E. Vautelet, and Ralph Modjeska.[3]
Notes: [1] "Bridge of 1,800-FT. Span Across the St. Lawrence," Popular Mechanics Vol. 8, No. 12 December 1906
[2]"Wrecked Quebec Bridge to be Recommended"[3] "Wrecked Quebec Bridge to be Recommended"

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Leslie Booth (intern), March, 2010; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist.
Processing Information
Collection processed by Leslie Booth (intern), supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist, March 2010.
Author
Leslie Booth (intern); supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Originally collected for the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering's reference collections; exact date and source of acquisition unknown.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research use.
Physical Access: Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply.
Preferred Citation
Quebec Bridge Photograph Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History

Custodial History
Custodial History
Transferred to the Archives Center from the Division of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, now known as the Division of Work and Industry, 2007.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Bridges -- Design and construction Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bridges -- Canada Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bridge failures Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photograph albums -- 20th century Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Postcards -- 1900-1920 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- Black-and-white photoprints -- Silver gelatin -- 1900-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Canada Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Quebec Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bridges -- Quebec Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rivers -- Quebec Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
History of Technology, Division of, NMAH, SI Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Work and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Engineering and Industry, Division of, NMAH, SI. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives