Guide to the Ronald J. Leonard Papers

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1109
Creators:
Leonard, Ronald J.
Leonard, Leona
Dates:
1966-2000
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
5 Cubic feet
12 boxes
Repository:
The collection documents Ronald J. Leonard's work at Travenol Laboratories and Sarns/3M, developing pumps and oxygenators used in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The collection documents Ronald J. Leonard's work at Travenol Laboratories and Sarns/3M, developing pumps and oxygenators used in cardiopulmonary bypass surgery. The papers include diagrams and design drawings, reports, test data, patent applications, lecture notes, correspondence, photographs, and slides.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Materials are arranged in chronological order. The collections is arranged into 5 series:
Series 1: Personal Materials, 1966-1996
Series 2: Patent Materials, 1988-2000
Series 3: Project Files, 1969-1998
Series 4: Writings/Lectures/Presentations, 1985-1997
Series 5: Travenol Company Materials, 1967-1995

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Ronald James Leonard was a biomedical engineer and inventor, born on August 17, 1939, in Cuba, New York, a son of Margaret and Roy Leonard. He received a Bachelor of Science degree in Mechanical Engineering from Clarkson College of Technology in Potsdam, New York, in 1961. He continued his education at Northwestern University in 1962, receiving his Master's in Mechanical Engineering. However, the majority of his work experience was centered in the biomedical engineering field.
He worked for the Naval Ordinance Lab in 1961, Allis-Chambers Research Division from 1962 to 1966, Travenol Laboratories from 1967 to 1985, and the Sarns/3M Company from 1985 to 1997. His early work at Allis-Chambers dealt with fuel cell power supplies. When he worked at Travenol Laboratories, a part of Baxter International Inc., and at the Sarns/3M Company, he helped develop and manufacture several medical devices and products for people with specific disorders, diseases, and conditions. He also worked as an adjunct assistant professor for Northwestern Technological Institute. In his retirement years, he did consulting work. He was also a member of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs and the International Society for Artificial Organs (now known as the International Federation for Artificial Organs).
Leonard designed and patented several devices, including blood oxygenators and heat exchangers, as well as the hollow fiber tubing within the oxygenator. He held more than thirty U.S. patents. Much of his work was dedicated to improving and perfecting these devices, which were widely used for bypass surgeries and aided the lives of many Americans. His dedication to his work, constant research, and developments is clear in the many devices, studies, and years of service he provided.
Ronald J. Leonard passed away, January 14, 2007, at INOVA Fairfax Hospital, when he was 67 years old.

Administration
Processing Information
Collection processed by Bryanna Bauer and Catarina Hurtado, interns, 2018.
Separated Materials
The Division of Medicine and Science holds artifacts related to this collection (Accession #: 2007.0106.01-13) documenting oxygenators, heat exchangers, an artificial heart valve, and vascular graft.
Author
Adrienne Cain and Bryanna Bauer
Ownership and Custodial History
Donated to the Archives Center in 2007 by Leona Leonard.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Ronald J. Leonard Papers, Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectual property rights may apply. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Diagrams Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Design drawings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Notes Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lecture notes Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical innovations Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical instruments and apparatus Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Heart -- Surgery Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cardiology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reports Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Slides (photographs) Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medical Equipment Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Leonard, Leona Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives