Guide to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1146
Creators:
Archives Center, NMAH, SI.
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL
Becker, John M.
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL
Heritage of Pride (HOP)
Hirsch, Leonard
Guest, Barbara
Barna, Joseph T.
Guest, Michael E.
Rohrbaugh, Richard
Dates:
1915-2019, undated
bulk 1980-2018
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
54.1 cubic feet
164 boxes, 20 oversize folders
Repository:
This collection contains a variety of periodicals, photographs, correspondence, business and advertising ephemera (corporate and non-profit, personal), organizational records and ephemera, created by, for, and in reaction to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) community.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Collection contains periodicals, ephemera, posters, postcards, advertisements, photographs, organizational records, publications, correspondence, and other materials related to all aspects of the LGBT community and the civil rights issues pertaining thereto. The collection was created by the Archives Center to bring together materials specifically pertaining to the LGBT community. This collection contains material from communities and individuals throughout the United States. The collection is currently strongest in periodicals, newspapers and ephemera and very strong in material from California and New York. The collection continues to add new items and the researcher would be wise to take a broad view in targeting their research topics in the collection.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is divided into twenty-three series.
Series 1: Periodicals, 1937-2018
Series 2: Agencies, Associations, and Organizations, 1984-2018, undated
Series 3: Community Life, 1915-2018, undated
Subseries 3.1: Photographs and Slides, 1915-1980, undated
Subseries 3.2: Ephemera and Buttons, 1969-2018, undated
Subseries 3.3: Posters and Prints, 1972-2018, undated
Subseries 3.4: Subject Files, 1958-2018, undated
Subseries 3.5: Pride, 1976-2018, undated
Subseries 3.6: HIV and AIDS, 1987-2017, undated
Series 4: Advertising, Business, and Publications, 1970-2018, undated
Subseries 4.1: Advertising, 1970-2018, undated
Subseries 4.2: Business, 1998-2017, undated
Subseries 4.3: Television, Theater, and Motion Pictures, 1978-2018, undated
Subseries 4.4: Bar ephemera and advertisement, 1979-2018, undated
Subseries 4.5: Publications, 1976-2018, undated
Series 5: Biren, Joan E. (JEB), 195-2018, undated
Subseries 5.1: Xerographic Copies of Photoprints, 1971-1995, undated.
Subseries 5.2: Posters and Oversize Advertisement, 1973-2018, undated
Series 6: Dietrich, Joseph A., 1992-2010
Series 7: Mattachine Society Records, 1942-1996, undated
Subseries 7.1: Correspondence, 1952-1991, undated
Subseries 7.2: Board of Directors Minutes, 1954-1974, undated
Subseries 7.3: Organizational Information, 1942-1993, undated
Subseries 7.4: Councils, Chapters, and Committees, 1953-1965, undated
Subseries 7.5: Conventions, 1953-1960, undated
Subseries 7.6: Publications, 1944-1996, undated
Series 8: Rainbow History Community Pioneers, 2003-2012, undated
Series 9: Strub, Sean O., addendum, 1987-2011, undated
Series 10: Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Baltimore (GLCCB, 1990-2014, undated
Series 11: Ros, Silvia, 2009-2011
Series 12: Huebner, David, 2009-2014
Series 13: St. George, Philip, 1945-1955, undated
Series 14: Will & Grace, 1995-2006
Series 15: Barna, Joseph T. and Heritage of Pride (HOP), New York, New York, 1910-2014, undated
Subseries 15.1: Photographs, Photographic Negatives, and Slides, 1985-2010, undated
Subseries 15.2: Heritage of Pride (HOP), 1984-2014, undated
Subseries 15.3: Barna, Joseph T., 1910-2013, undated,
Series 16: Becker, John M., 1999-2014, undated
Series 17: Rohrbaugh, Richard, 1972-1986, undated
Series 18: Guest, Michael E., 2001-2009
Series 19: The Fosters, 2013
Series 20: Pride at Work, 1990-2015
Series 21: Sabatino, Michael and Voorheis, Robert, 1980-2016, undated
Subseries 21.1: Archilla, Gustavo A. and Lokkins, Elmer T., 1916-2014, undated
Series 22: Gay Officers Action League (GOAL), 1982-2016, undated
Series 23: Brown, Adele "Del" and Herizon's Bar, 1985-1991, undated

Historical Note
Historical Note
While the quest for equal rights has been pursued by generations, it is generally acknowledged that the modern day Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) civil rights movement began in New York City in June 1969 with the Stonewall Riots. Prior to this time a number of activists, individuals, and organizations such as The Mattachine Society, Daughters of Bilitis and others, fought to bring recognition of LGBT civil rights to the forefront of American society. While the movement was primarily, and most visually, centered in New York City and San Francisco, periodicals, guide books, and ephemeral material interconnected the larger LGBT community throughout the United States. The increased visibility of the LGBT movement inspired groups at odds with that new found visibility and call to action. The challenge to what was termed "traditional" values encouraged counter-LGBT groups to define and solidfy their constituency as well. This collection comprises material that is generated by individuals and organizations that have been on both sides of the question.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Susan B. Strange, archivist, 2004-2008. Processed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., archives specialist, 2009-2014; assisted by Jennifer Berger, Kendra Ciccone, Erin Molloy (Biren, Lynch, and Mattachine Addendums), Katarina Walther, and Theresa Worden, interns; supervised by Vanessa Broussard Simmons, archivist.
Separated Materials
Materials at the National Museum of American History
The Division of Political History holds artifacts related to gay activist Franklin Kameny and a variety of political buttons. They also hold LGBT related artifacts from Joan E. Biren (JEB).
The Division of Medical and Science holds objects donated from Dr. Renee Richards, Sean O. Strub, and Leonard Hirsch.
The Division of Entertainment and the Arts holds objects donated by The Fosters and Will & Grace.
Author
Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
This collection was assembled by the Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian, beginning in 2004.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research use.
Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves. Researchers must use reference copies of audio-visual materials. When no reference copy exists, the Archives Center staff will produce reference copies on an "as needed" basis, as resources allow.
Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Reproduction permission from Archives Center: reproduction fees may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Preferred Citation
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution

Related Materials
Materials in the Archives Center
Michio and Aveline Kushi Macro-Biotics Collection (AC0619)
The Shamrock Bar: Photographs and Interviews (AC0857)
John-Manuel Andriote
Victory Deferred
Collection (AC1128)
Archives Center Wedding Documentation Collection (AC1131 )
Division of Science, Medicine, and Society HIV/AIDS Reference Collection (AC1134)
John-Manuel Andriote
Hot Stuff: A Brief History of Disco
Collection (AC1184)
Joan E. Biren (JEB) Queer Film Museum Collection (AC1216)
World AIDS Institute (WAI) Collection (AC1266)
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network (SLDN) Records (AC1282)
Helping Persons with AIDS (HPA) Records (AC1283)
DC Cowboys Dance Company Records (AC1312)
Bil Browning and Jerame Davis Papers (AC1334)
David Hadley Rockwell New York Disco Ephemera Collection (AC1342)
Leonard P. Hirsch Federal Globe Records (AC1357)
Corbett Reynolds Papers (AC1390)
Mark Segal Papers (AC1422)
The Mattachine Society of Washington "Love in Action" Collection (AC1428)
Academy of Washington Records (AC1458)
Matthew Shepard Papers (AC1463)

Accruals
Accruals
The Archives Center continues to add to this collection.
Addendums and gifts were received from: Dr. James P. Davidson; ONE Archive, Los Angeles, California; the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries; Service Members Legal Defense Network, and Department of Defense Comprehensive Review Working Group; Joan E. Biren (2010); Joseph Dietrich, Bradley Reichard, and Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. (2011, 2014); Archives of Philadelphia, William Way LGBT Community Center (2012); Joyce Cheney (2012); Patsy Lynch, Rainbow History Community Pioneers (2012-2014); Leah Kelley (2012); Gregory Exline (2013); the Sean O. Strub addendum was collected from Sean O. Strub, publisher and executive editor of POZ Magazine from Katherine Ott, curator, Division of Medicine and Science (2013); Silvia Ros (2013-2014); David Heubner (2014); and the Gay and Lesbian Community Center of Baltimore (2014); KoMut Entertainment, Max Mutchnik and David Kohan, Will & Grace (2014); Christopher D.A. Ragonese (2014); Antonio Ruffini (2014); Heritage of Pride, Inc.(2014); Peter J. Howell (2014); John T. Bender (2014); Steven Mayers (2014); Richard Rohrbaugh (2015); Donald Fenton (2015); Michael Guest (2015); ABC Family, Jori Arancio (The Fosters, 2015); Jerame Davis, Pride at Work (2015); Dee Mosbacher (2015); Nancy Gray, executor for the Leonard P. Hirsch estate (2015); Victoria Kathleen Hall (2015); John Coppola (2015); Christopher Aguilar Garcia (2016); Berea College, Berea, Kentucky (2016); Michael Sabatino and Robert Voorhies (2016, 2017); Jim Holbrook (2016); William J. Shepherd, Gay Officers Action League (GOAL) (2016); Daan G. Erikson (2016); Christina Dean (2016, 2017); George Bowman (2017); Adele "Del" Brown (2017); Laurie Ryan (2017); The Mattachine Society (2017); Walter Hanclosky (2018); Robin Tyler (2018); Robert B. Connelly, Jr. (2017, 2018.)

Custodial History
Custodial History
The Sean O. Strub addendum was collected by Katherine Ott, curator, Division of Medicine and Science and transferred to the Archives Center in 2013.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Women's music Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Transgender people -- Identity Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sexual orientation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Political activists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lesbianism Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lesbian and gay experience Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gay activists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Homosexuality Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
HIV and AIDS Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Feminism Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bisexuality Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Passports Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Postcards Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- 2000-2010 Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Posters Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Videocassettes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Canada -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Germany -- description and travel Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Advertising Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
DVDs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs -- 20th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Amsterdam (Netherlands) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bars (Drinking establishments) Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gay Pride Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Washington, D.C. -- history Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Songbooks Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Periodicals Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Los Angeles (Calif.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New York, New York Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Voorheis, Robert Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Biren, Joan E. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Larson, Gordon P., 1910-1988 -- 20th century Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sabatino, Michael Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Dietrich, Joe Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Exline, Gregory Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Florence, Laura Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Huebner, David Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nitz, Ryan Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Meinke, Mark Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
McWaine, Dwayne, Dr. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bushnell, Megan Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Davidson, James, Dr. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gay Officers Action League. GOAL Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shannon, Michael A. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ros, Silvia Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Robinson, Franklin A., Jr., 1959- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Reichard, Bradley Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Federation of Teachers Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Snodgrass, Adam Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sheets, Justin Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
University of Connecticut Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
William Way Community Center Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Servicemembers Legal Defense Network Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smith College Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Diego LGBT Pride Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
ONE National Gay and Lesbian Archives Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Community Center of Baltimore and Central Maryland Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Department of Defense, Comprehensive Review Working Group Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lynch, Patsy Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lombardi, Angela Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Karazsia, William G. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Karazsia, Amy Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jain, Shawn Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives