Guide to the Susan B. Crossman Kindergarten Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1208
Creators:
Crossman, Susan
Dates:
1902-1932
Languages:
English
Collection is in English.
Physical Description:
1 Cubic foot
2 boxes
Repository:
Papers document the training and career of Susan B. Crossman as a kindergarten teacher in the early twentieth century. The collection includes workbooks that were part of the Friedrich Froebel method of kindergarten teaching, which are filled with cut and folded paper and needlecraft projects that were part of a kindergarten teacher's training; a 1932 photograph of Crossman; her 1902 graduation program; class notes from 1903-1904; and a manual of Froebel's teaching methodology, undated.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Papers documenting the training and career of Susan Crossman as a kindergarten teacher in the early twentieth century. The collection includes workbooks that were part of the Friedrich Froebel method of kindergarten teaching, which are filled with cut and folded paper and needlecraft projects that were part of a kindergarten teacher's training program; a 1932 photograph of Crossman; her 1902 graduation program from the Washington City Normal Kindergarten Institute of Washington, D.C.; class notes from 1903-1904; and a manual of Froebel's teaching methodology, undated.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged topically.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Susan B. Crossman Gray (d. early 1960s) was a kindergarten teacher at the Washington City Normal Kindergarten Institute in Washington, D.C., where she trained from 1902-1903. Crossman married Leslie Gray in 1906 and they had one daughter, Dorothy.
Crossman studied the "Froebel Method" of early childhood education developed by Friederich Froebel (1792-1852)a German teacher. Froebel created the "Froebel Gifts," a series of activity-based playthings ranging from simple sphere-shaped objects to geometric wooden blocks for instructing children. More advanced Gifts relate to sewing, cutting, weaving and the modelling of objects in clay.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Alison Oswald, archivist, September, 2011.
Author
Alison Oswald.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Collection donated by Crossman's grandson, John L. Menke, in 2010.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
The collection is open for research.
Preferred Citation
Susan B. Crossman Kindergarten Collection, 1902-1932, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning intellectual property rights. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Education Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Teachers Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Workbooks Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuals -- 1900-1950 Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kindergarten Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Froebel, Friedrich Wilhelm August, 1782-1852 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives