Guide to the BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1258
Creators:
Broadcast Music, Inc.
Dates:
1860-1868
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1 cubic foot
1 box
Repository:
This collection contains sheet music themed in support of the Confederacy. Many pieces were printed within the Confederate States of America during the Civil War (1861-1865). It also contains one Confederate bond and early twentieth century facsimiles of Confederate broadsides from the Chicago Historical Society.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
Originally titled the Edward M. Cramer Confederate Sheet Music Collection in honor of Cramer, president of the music rights organization BMI from 1968-1987, this collection contains sheet music produced within the Confederate States of America, before and after the Civil War.
Series 1, Sheet Music, 1860-1868, undated, contains single sheet songs arranged alphabetically by title as well as compilations. The compilations are filed alphabetically under the song title most identified with the Confederacy. For instance, the reel "Molly Gardner" is in a collection of reels entitled
Jerdon's Reels
but found under the title "Molly Gardner".
Series 2, Ephemera, 1863, undated, contains one Confederate States bond and twentieth century facsimiles from the Chicago Historical Society of a variety of Confederate broadsides.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into two series.
Series 1, Sheet Music, 1860-1868, undated
Series 2, Ephemera, 1863, undated

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the South used music as propaganda and inspiration to both the Confederate forces and the civilian population. After the war the music conjured up memories of the "Lost Cause" and those unfortunate soldiers who did not return home. Subject matter for songs was wide-ranging and drew from both domestic and military themes. Even though cut off from the music publishing houses of the northern states, the South was very active in publishing music within the boundaries of the Confederacy. Nashville and Memphis, Tennessee were reported to be the most active publishing centers, with the cities of Augusta, Georgia; Columbia, South Carolina; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Mobile, Alabama also publishing sheet music. Much of this music was published on inferior grades of paper, and even though the cover engraving tended to be excellent at the beginning of the war, by war's end the covers were fairly plain and devoid of color or elaborate decoration.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., archives specialist, January 2012; supervised by Vanessa Broussard-Simmons, archivist.
Author
Franklin A. Robinson, Jr.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
This collection was donated by Broadcast Music, Incorporated (BMI), 2011.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives Center makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff.
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research use.
Preferred Citation
BMI Archives Confederate Sheet Music Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution
Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements
Researchers must handle unprotected photographs with gloves.

Related Materials
Materials in the Archives Center, National Museum of American History
Sam DeVincent Collection of Illustrated American Sheet Music, 1790-1980s (AC0300)

Other Finding Aids
Other Finding Aids
Inventory available.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Broadsides Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sheet music -- 19th century Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
War Between the States, 1861-1865 Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Communications Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cramer, Edward M. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives