The Mattachine Society of Washington "Love in Action" Collection
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAH.AC.1428
Creators:
Mattachine Society of Washington
Dates:
1978-2013, undated
Languages:
English
Collection is in English.
Physical Description:
4.1 (13 boxes) Cubic feet
Repository:
Papers and publications collected by the Mattachine Society of Washington, DC relating to the gay to straight conversion therapy program known as Love in Action (LIA) and director of the Memphis, Tennessee LIA, John J. Smid and author Garrard Conley.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
This collection contains papers, publications, pamphlets, and newsclipping relating to the gay to straight (known as ex-gay), conversion therapy program, Love in Action (LIA). This collection contains the papers of John Smid, former director of the Love in Action program in Memphis, Tennessee. There are also materials from other ex-gay programs New Hope Ministries and Exodus. Series 2 contains Garrard Conley's (author of
Boy Erased
) workbook and a folder of loose material from his time in the Love in Action program. Series 2 also contains the Love in Action class manual,
Love in Action Steps Out Program
. Series 4 and 5 contain a variety of publications, writings, and audio-visual materials from groups and programs dedicated to conversion therapy.

Arrangement
Arrangement
The collection is arranged into five series.
Series 1: Smid, John J., 1983-2009, undated
Series 2: Love in Action, 1978-2013, undated
Series 3: New Hope and Exodus International Ministries, 1987-2001, undated
Series 4: Publications, 1983-2011, undated
Series 5: Audio-Visual,1988-2005, undated

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
Love in Action was founded in 1973 in San Rafael, California. Their motto was, "Finding freedom in Jesus Christ from sexual and relational sin." The first two paragraphs of this history are taken directly from their archived website,
"Love in Action International (LIA) was founded by Frank Worthen in 1973. At age 43 Frank rededicated his life to Jesus after 20 years of pursuing homosexual behavior. With his testimony and a newspaper ad, Frank proclaimed a seldom-heard message: "There is a way out of homosexuality, and his name is Jesus Christ!"
"Love in Action is the oldest established member ministry of Exodus International, a nationwide referral network. We are a referral ministry of Focus on the Family and the American Family Association. Known around the world for our residential discipleship programs, we have had clients from all over the US and more than a dozen countries. In 1994 LIA moved from its original home of San Rafael, California to Memphis, Tennessee. Memphis has been a hospitable home, and its many vibrant churches play a crucial role in the ministry. In 2001 LIA started a groundbreaking residential discipleship program. Since then, hundreds of men and women have found freedom and significance in Christ through this uniquely powerful experience. We are privileged to be involved in serving the people of God by partnering with them in their journey out of bondage and into the freedom and power of obedience to Jesus Christ."
After the settlement of a lawsuit between LIA and the State of Tennessee and the departure and recanting of the program by director John Smid, Love in Action was repackaged into Restoration Path in 2012. Restoration Path is headed by David Jones and continues to exist in Tennessee.
Garrard Conley, the author of
Boy Erased
, is a survivor of the conversion therapy program that was based in Memphis and headed by John Smid.
Boy Erased
recounts Conley's experiences in the program. The book is the basis for the motion picture of the same name.
Website accessed 2018 July 10: https://web.archive.org/web/20110803195310//http://www.loveinaction.org/aboutus
Founded in 1961 by Franklin Kameny and Jack Nichols, the Mattachine Society of Washington, DC was the first gay civil rights organization in Washington, DC. The Society has actively worked to seek out and archive papers and collections directly related to LGBT history.

Administration
Processing Information
Processed by Katarina Walthers, intern, 2018. Supervised by Franklin A. Robinson, Jr., archives specialist.
Author
Franklin A. Robinson, Jr. and Katarina Walthers
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The collection was donated by The Mattachine Society of Washington, 2017.

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
The Mattachine Society of Washington "Love in Action" Collection, Archives Center, National Museum of American History.
Conditions Governing Use
Collection items available for reproduction, but the Archives cCenter makes no guarantees concerning copyright restrictions. Other intellectural property rights may apply. All duplication requests must be reviewed and approved by Archives Center staff. Archives Center cost-recovery and use fees may apply when requesting reproductions.
Conditions Governing Access
Collection is open for research. Do not use original materials when available on reference video or audio tapes.

Custodial History
Custodial History
Donated to the Archives Center in 2017 by the Mattachine Society of Washington, DC. Portions of the collection had previously been donated to the Mattachine Society by Garrard Conley and John J. Smid.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Homosexuality Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lesbian and gay experience Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sexual orientation Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuals Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Psychology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mental health Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gays Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bisexuality Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Health Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pamphlets Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newsclippings Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Newsletters Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
LGBT Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Archives Center, National Museum of American History
P.O. Box 37012
Suite 1100, MRC 601
Washington, D.C. 20013-7012
archivescenter@si.edu
http://americanhistory.si.edu/archives