William C. Orchard collection of photographs, lantern slides and negatives

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.001.020
Creators:
Orchard, William C.
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
Dates:
circa 1899-1937
bulk 1900-1902
Languages:
No linguistic content; Not applicable
Physical Description:
27 negatives (photographic)
black and white
324 Photographic prints
black and white
34 lantern slides
color
Repository:
The majority of the images are individual and group portraits of Southwestern tribes, photographed between 1900-1902, including Laguna Pueblo, Hopi Pueblo, Zuni Pueblo, Taos Pueblo, San Juan Pueblo, White Mountain Apache, Ute, San Carlos Apache, and Navajo Indians.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The Orchard collection consists overwhelmingly of informal single and group portraits made by Orchard in 1900 and 1902 of Diné (Navajo), Hopi Pueblo, Laguna Pueblo, A:shiwi (Zuni), and White Mountain Apache men and women. Among these are photographs of Native children standing before agency schools. In addition, there are informal single and group portraits of Jemez Pueblo, Isleta Pueblo, Ute, Uintah, San Carlos Apache, and Ohkey Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo) men and women; photographs of Walpi, Zuni, Toas, and Acoma villages; and a few landscape views made in the Rio Grande and Little Colorado River canyons. There are a few portraits of Mohawk men and Sac and Fox women. A few photographs date from 1926 and are of Seminole women performing household duties. There are also a few excavations photographs, including those taken of an 1918 excavation along Spuyten Duyvil Creek in New York. Orchard made the later photographs on behalf of the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Some of the negatives are glass plate negatives and others are copy negatives made of the photographs.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Prints Arranged by print number (P01319, P01678-P01679, P02767-P03191, P03217-P03319, P03217-P03319, P04165, P08369-P08373, P12703-P12706, P28311)
Lantern slides Arranged by image number (L00353-L00354, L00356-L00363, L00367-L00369, L00371-L00376, L00379-L00384, L00386, L00388, L00390-L00392, L00397, L00401-L00402, L00404-L00406, L00408-L00409)
Negatives Arranged by negative number (N03368-N03373, N03762, N11617, N13457-N13460, N13481, N14935, N14939, N14941, N21574, N21600, N35151-N35158, N35162, N37725, N37879)

Biographical/Historical note
Biographical/Historical note
Born in England in the early 1860s, William C. Orchard moved to the United States around 1885. Before working privately for George G. Heye, he briefly held a position at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. After the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation was established in 1916, Orchard became a museum preparator. In this position, he used his considerable artistic gifts to repair and restore specimens and to create models and dioramas for the Museum's exhibits. Orchard also published several books on porcupine-quill and beading techniques. He died in 1948.

Administration
Processing Information note
NMAIA Review
Author

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access note
Access is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment.
Preferred Citation note
William C. Orchard collection of photographs, lantern slides and negatives, circa 1899-1937, National Museum of the American Indian Archives, Smithsonian Institution (negative, slide or catalog number).
Conditions Governing Use note
Copyright: National Museum of the American Indian

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Photographic prints Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lantern slides Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white negatives Type Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
White Mountain Apache Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Colorado Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diné (Navajo) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
A:shiwi (Zuni) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Carlos Apache Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
White Mountain Apache Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hopi Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ute Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Isleta Pueblo Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sac and Fox (Sauk & Fox) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Laguna Pueblo Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Apatohsipipiikani (Northern Piegan) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Seminole Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ohkay Owingeh (San Juan Pueblo) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Juan Pueblo (N.M.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Mexico Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arizona Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
San Carlos Apache Tribe Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland 20746-2863
nmaiarchives@si.edu
http://nmai.si.edu/explore/collections/archive/