Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku Expedition photograph collection

Summary
Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.001.042
Creators:
Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan)
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960
Schindler, Victor
Dates:
1917-1923
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1122 negatives (photographic)
250 Photographic prints
4.25 Linear feet
Repository:
This collection includes negatives and prints created between 1917 and 1923 during the Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku (Hawikuh) archaeological expedition on the A:shiwi (Zuni) Reservation in New Mexico. The expedition which was sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, was one of the most extensive archaeological projects conducted at the time. Photographs in this collection were shot by Alanson B. Skinner, Frederick Webb Hodge, Edwin Francis Coffin, George Hubbard Pepper, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Donald Cadzow, and Victor Schindler. Many of the photographs in this collection have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.

Scope and Contents
Scope and Contents
The photographs in this collection were shot between 1917 and 1923 by various archaeologists and ethnographers involved in the Hawikku excavations. This includes Alanson B. Skinner, Frederick Webb Hodge, Edwin Francis Coffin, George Hubbard Pepper, Jesse L. Nusbaum, Donald Cadzow, and Victor Schindler. Many of the photographs in this collection have been restricted due to cultural sensitivity.
Photographs from 1917 were shot by Alanson B. Skinner and Frederick Webb Hodge and include images with Zuni workmen as well as many images of burials (restricted). Photographs from 1918 were shot Edwin Francis Coffin and George Hubbard Pepper. Pepper's photographs include images of Kyusita (Cayusetsa) a Zuni potter, at work. Photographs from 1919 were shot by Jesse Nusbaum and Frederick Webb Hodge and include images of room sites, burials (restricted) and Camp Harmon. There are also images of George and Thea Heye, Harmon Hendricks and Joseph Keppler at the site.
Photographs from 1921 and 1923 were shot by Edwin Coffin and include Portraits of A:shiwi (Zuni) community members, kiva sites and room sites. There are also photographs from Donald Cadzow from 1923. Cadzow was assigned to accompany and assist Owen Cattell during the 1923 filming of events and ceremonies at Zuni (see NMAI. AC.001.001, Museum of the American Indian Ethnographic Film Collection). These include images of pottery making, skin dressing, as well as ceremonial photographs (restricted). Victor Schindler also shot images of the Rain Dance and of Owen Cattell filming at this time.
In addition to on site photographs, there are also object images included in this collection. There are also a small amount of photographs from Kechipauan that are included in this collection, separate from the Louis C.G. Clarke Kechipauan Expedition photographs (NMAI.AC.001.044).
Many of the negatives are glass plate, though the majority were also copied onto acetate "safety film" in the 1960's during a photo conservation project. Any original nitrate negatives were destroyed by the museum.

Arrangement
Arrangement
Arranged by catalog number.

Biographical / Historical
Biographical / Historical
The Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku (Hawkuh) Expedition was one of the most extensive archaeological projects ever conducted in the Southwest. With major funding from Harmon W. Hendricks, Frederick Webb Hodge began the field work in 1917 while still with the Bureau of American Ethnology. The first season was jointly sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (MAI) and the Smithsonian Institution. Hodge joined the staff of the MAI in 1918 and subsequent fieldwork during the summers of 1918-1921 was sponsored by this institution. The last field season, during the summer of 1923, was jointly sponsored by the Museum of the American Indian and Louis C.G. Clarke, then director of the University Museum of Anthropology and Archaeology, Cambridge University. Major excavations were carried out at two sites of early historic villages near the modern Pueblo of Zuni, New Mexico: Hawikku (also Hawikuh) and Kechiba:wa (also Kechipawan, Kechipaun, or Kechipauan).
During the work at Hawikku, Hodge supervised a staff which included Jesse L. Nusbaum, Edwin F. Coffin, Samuel K. Lothrop, George Hubbard Pepper, Alanson Buck Skinner, Donald A. Cadzow, and Louis C. G. Clarke. In addition, at least 39 A:shiwi (Zuni) men participated in this excavation of their ancestral villages. Hodge's archaeological techniques encompassed stratigraphic excavation; the systematic recording of rooms, features, artifacts in field notebooks; in situ photographs; and ethnographic analogy. These techniques resulted in the recovery and documentation of thousands of artifacts of diverse types including ceramics, wood, bone, textiles, shell, lithics, and architectural elements from about 370 rooms, 1000 burials, and the large mission church and its associated friary. Hodge published several articles and one book related to the site on specialized topics such as bonework, turquoise, and the history of Hawikku. The only descriptive publication of the excavations, The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge, Report of the Hendricks-hodge Expedition, 19

Administration
Processing Information
This collection is still in need of processing. Collection record written by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist, in 2019.
Author
Rachel Menyuk
Immediate Source of Acquisition
The photographs in this collection were sent back to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation by the various photographers over the course of the field work, 1917-1923.

Using the Collection
Conditions Governing Access
Access to NMAI Archive Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Thursday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu). Photographs with burials, human remains or any other cultural sensitivity are restricted.
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited users to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not changed, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian.
Preferred Citation
Identification of specific item; Date (if known); Hendricks-Hodge Hawikku Expedition photograph collection (NMAI.AC.001.042), Item Number; National Museum of the American Indian Archive Center, Smithsonian Institution.

Related Materials
See associated materials in the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation records (NMAI.AC.001).
See: Hendricks-Hodge Archaeological Expedition papers. #9170. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
See: "The Excavation of Hawikuh by Frederick Webb Hodge: Report of the Hendricks-Hodge Expedition, 1917-1923," by Watson Smith, Richard Woodbury and Nathatlie Woodbury. Contributions from the Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation, Volume XX, 1966

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
A:shiwi (Zuni) Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Excavations (Archaeology) -- New Mexico -- Photographs Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
New Mexico Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Indians -- Southwest Culture Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Archeology -- Hawikuh -- New Mexico Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hawikuh (N. M.) Place Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Skinner, Alanson, 1886-1925 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Coffin, Edwin F. (Edwin Francis), b. 1883 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pepper, George H. (George Hubbard), 1873-1924 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nusbaum, Jesse L. (Jesse Logan) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cadzow, Donald A., 1894-1960 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Schindler, Victor Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Heye, George G. (George Gustav), 1874-1957 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Heye, Thea Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hendricks-Hodge Expedition (1917-1923). Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hendricks, Harmon Washington, 1846-1928 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
National Museum of the American Indian
4220 Silver Hill Rd
Suitland 20746-2863
nmaiarchives@si.edu
http://nmai.si.edu/explore/collections/archive/