Manpower Research and Advisory Services Records,
circa 1971-1994

Summary
Collection ID:
Accession 94-074
Creators:
Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for the Sciences
Dates:
circa 1971-1994
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
8 cu. ft. (8 record storage boxes)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
These records include the correspondence and memoranda of H. Wallace Sinaiko, pertaining to conference planning, Manpower R&D Program Committee briefings, personal research, and issues of TTCP and IUS; administrative files concerning budget, contract proposals, and personnel; minutes of meetings; conference reports; professional articles written by Sinaiko and others; Sinaiko's book entitled Life in the Rank and File (1986); notes and information from the annual meetings of the Panel on Military Issues (UTP-3); and newspaper clippings.

Historical Note
Historical Note
Organization of Manpower Research and Advisory Services came about because of Leonard Carmichael, Secretary of the Smithsonian (1953-1964), who had a long-standing interest and professional involvement in United States military manpower matters. Toward the end of Carmichael's tenure at the Smithsonian, he became principle investigator for a contract with the Office of Naval Research (ONR), which provided consulting assistance to the Psychological Sciences Division at ONR. With help from a part-time assistant, Carmichael conducted a modest manpower research effort at the Smithsonian until 1971. When the contract was expanded in 1972, at the request of ONR, H. Wallace Sinaiko was appointed full-time assistant to Carmichael and research was shifted from the draft to volunteer manning in the U.S. Navy. Carmichael, at the time Emeritus Secretary of the Smithsonian as well as Vice President of the National Geographical Society, began serving as nominal principle investigator of the project. In 1974 Carmichael passed away and the role of principle investigator was assumed by Sinaiko, who, later that same year, became Program Director for the newly established Manpower Research and Advisory Services, which reported to the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Research. The program continued as the Smithsonian submitted proposals, on a yearly basis (every third year after 1986), to ONR for contract renewals. Eventually contractual agreements ceased in December 1993, as a result of budget constraints, and Manpower Research and Advisory Services closed in April 1994.
Manpower Research and Advisory Services was concerned with the analysis and definition of U.S. Navy manpower and personnel problems that were associated with the changeover to an all-volunteer Navy. Formal agendas were prepared through ONR's Manpower Research and Development Program Committee; conferences and symposiums organized to address a wide range of topics (e.g., effectiveness of recruitment advertising, innovative methodologies for measuring morale, etc.); annual participation in meetings of the Inter-University Seminar (IUS) on Armed Forces and Society; and involvement in cross-national research and exchange, such as The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP)--a defense consortium of the principle English-speaking nations: Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United Kingdom, and the United States. Staff included H. Wallace Sinaiko, Program Assistant, 1972-1974, Program Director, 1974-1994; Becky Graham, Administrative Officer, 1972-1989; Marsha Morahan, Administrative Officer, 1989-1994; and Carol Blair, Secretary, 1976-1994.

Notes
SI Records

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 94-074, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary for the Sciences, Manpower Research and Advisory Services Records

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Carmichael, Leonard, 1898- Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Sinaiko, H. Wallace Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Blair, Carol Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Graham, Becky. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Morahan, Marsha. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Office of Naval Research Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Inter-university Seminar on Armed Forces and Society Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Research. Manpower Research and Advisory Services. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
The Technical Cooperation Program. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Office of Naval Research. Manpower Research and Development Program Committee. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Military readiness Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Military research Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Military service, Voluntary Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Books Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clippings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu