Correspondence and Memoranda,
1877-1896

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 54
Creators:
Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum
Dates:
1877-1896
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
0.7 linear meter.
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
This record unit consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence compiled by Goode and concerns both the USNM and USCFF. Descriptions of the records are included as part of the series descriptions.
For other records of George Brown Goode see record units 70, 189, 201, and 7050.

Historical Note
Historical Note
The history of the office of Assistant Secretary can be traced to January 26, 1847 when the Smithsonian Board of Regents approved the nomination of Charles C. Jewett, of Brown University, for the position of Assistant Secretary, acting as Librarian. On July 5, 1850 the Board resolved ". . . that the Secretary be authorized to appoint an assistant secretary in the department of natural history, to take charge of the museum, and to render such other assistance as the Secretary may require...." Shortly thereafter, Spencer F. Baird was appointed to the position. During various periods of time, the Assistant Secretary was also in charge of publications, exchanges, and other areas.
George Brown Goode's (1851-1896) association with the Smithsonian Institution began in 1872 when Spencer F. Baird invited him to work as a volunteer collector for the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. Goode accepted and became Baird's chief pupil and assistant. In 1873, he was appointed Assistant Curator in the United States National Museum (USNM), a position he retained until 1877 when his title was changed to Curator. In 1881, when the new museum building was completed and the USNM really organized, Goode was appointed Assistant Director. In that year he prepared his famous Circular No. 1 of the National Museum, which proposed a comprehensive scheme of administration for the museum. On January 12, 1887, Goode was appointed Assistant Secretary, in charge of the National Museum and until his death in 1896 he remained the head administrative officer of the museum. After receiving appointment in the USNM, Goode continued to serve the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (USCFF) in various capacities. He acted as statistical expert for the Halifax Fishery Arbitration Commission, 1877-1878; chief of the Fisheries Division of the Tenth Census, 1879-1880; and U. S. Commissioner at the Fishery Exhibition in Berlin, 1880 and in London, 1883. On the death of Spencer F. Baird in 1887, Goode assumed the position of Fish Commissioner until January, 1888.

Notes
SI Records

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 54, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, Correspondence and Memoranda

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum (George Brown Goode) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum. United States National Museum, Director Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Fish Commission Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Fish Commission. Bureau of Biological Survey Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Fish Commission. Bird and Mammal Laboratories Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Fish Commission. Fish and Wildlife Service Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Fish Commission. Bureau of Fisheries Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Fish Commission. Division of Fishes Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Museums -- Administration. Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu