Correspondence and Memoranda,
1860-1908

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 189
Creators:
Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum
Dates:
1860-1908
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
19.6 linear meters.
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
Most of the correspondence is directed to Goode, with lesser amounts to True, Walcott, and Rathbun. Also, a small amount of correspondence is addressed to the Secretary of the Smithsonian, (Baird, 1878-1887; and Samuel P. Langley, 1887-1906) but is generally referred to the Assistant Secretary for response.
Much of the material is routine correspondence from the general public, and deals with offers to sell and collect specimens, the identification of artifacts and specimens, museum administration, and requests for publications. Also evident is correspondence from contractors, publishing houses, and other firms conducting business transactions with the United States National Museum. A large part of the international scientific community corresponded with the United States National Museum, and many letters concerning 19th century science and scientific affairs are contained in this collection. A large quantity of correspondence exists from museums, scientists, various scientific institutions, and colleges and universities. Once again, much of the correspondence is routine, concerning exhibits, museum administration, requests for publications, and the exchange of specimens. A voluminous amount of material regards United States National Museum publications. However, most of the correspondence concerns the technical production of the manuscripts, rather than the content. Materials of special interest include correspondence from collectors and naturalists in the field, plans and accounts of scientific expeditions, and data on significant accessions. A small amount of outgoing correspondence appears in the collection.
See Record Unit 112 for outgoing correspondence.

Historical Note
Historical Note
These records comprise the primary incoming correspondence of the officer in immediate charge of the United States National Museum. Beginning in 1850 with the appointment of Spencer F. Baird, the primary responsibility of the Assistant Secretary was the direction of the United States National Museum. The Assistant Secretary also performed other functions at the direction of the Secretary, and for various periods of time was in charge of publications, exchanges, and other areas. Incumbents included: (1) Spencer F. Baird, 1850-1878; (2) George Brown Goode, 1880-1896, including the years 1880-1887 when he served as assistant director of the museum without the title of Assistant Secretary; (3) Charles D. Walcott, Acting Assistant Secretary, 1897-1898; (4) Richard Rathbun, 1897-1918. After Goode's death in 1896, the business of the office was administered for a time by the executive curator, Frederick William True.

Notes
SI Records

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 189, Smithsonian Institution, Assistant Secretary in charge of the United States National Museum, Correspondence and Memoranda
Access Restriction
Inquiries related to specimens should be directed to the appropriate museum registrar.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Palmer, Edward, 1831-1911. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Abbott, William Louis, 1860-1936. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Atwater, W. O. (Wilbur Olin), 1844-1907 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bowdish, Beecher S. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Boyd, S. H., 1828-1894 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Brown, John Croumbie. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Calkins, C. G. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Camp, John H. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Capron, Horace, 1804-1885 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chamberlain, Frances Lea Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Collins, Joseph William. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Deschamps, Emile, b. 1857 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Geisler, Bruno Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Harris, Israel H., b. 1823 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jeffreys, John Gwyn, 1809-1885 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jouy, Pierre Louis Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kerr, Mark Brickell Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
King, C. A. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
LeBaron, John Francis Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
MacFarlane, Roderick Ross, 1833-1920. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Montcrieffe, R. B Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Orcutt, Charles Russell, 1864-1929 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Peary, Robert E. (Robert Edwin), 1856-1920 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Perkins, Frederick Stanton, 1832-1899 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Richmond, Charles Wallace, 1868-1932 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shufeldt, Percy W. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Snyder, D. W. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Stearns, Winfrid Alden, 1852- Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Stein, Robert U.S. Geological Survey Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wilcox, Timothy E. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Woolfe, Henry D. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chaille-Long, C. (Charles), 1842-1917 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Safford, William Edwin, 1859-1926. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Miller, Alfred Jacob, 1810-1874 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chatelain, Heli Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cluss, Adolph, 1825-1905 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hippisley, Alfred Edward, d. 1939 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Keam, Thomas V., d. 1904 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
MacGowan, D. J., physician Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pringle, Cyrus G. (Cyrus Guernsey), 1838-1911 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shufeldt, Robert W. (Robert Wilson), 1850-1934 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Thomas, Cyrus, 1825-1910 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ogden, Herbert Gouverneur, 1846-1906 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Williams, Talcott, 1849-1928. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States National Museum. Assistant Secretary in charge Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Arts and Industries Building (Washington, D.C.) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Assistant Secretary in Charge of the United States National Museum. United States National Museum. Director Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bradley Collection of Fossils Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Cardwell Collection of Egyptian Antiquities Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Medicinal Flora of America Commission Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Section of Naval Architecture. Department of Arts and Industries (USNM) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Owen Collection of Fossils Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Riggs Collection of Arms and Armor Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Troost Collection of Crinoids Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States-Mexican International Boundary Commission (1891-1894) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ball Herbarium Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mexican International Boundary Commission (United States : 1891- 1894) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Section of Foods (USNM). Division of Textiles (USNM) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Assistant Secretary in Charge of the United States National Museum Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Museums -- Administration. Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Greely Relief Expedition (1884) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Illustrated American Expedition to Southern Utah and Northern New Mexico Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Navy Expedition to Guam (1899) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu