Ecology Program Records,
1965-1973

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 271
Creators:
Smithsonian Institution,Office of Environmental Sciences
Dates:
1965-1973
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
3 linear meters.
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
This record unit consists of files documenting the operation of the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE), 1965-1970, and its successor, the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES), 1970-1973. The records were created primarily by administrators Buechner, 1965-1968; Wallen, 1969; and Jenkins, 1970-1973. They include organizational files, 1965-1973; administrative records, 1965-1973, including material concerning the development of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies) and the Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program; project files, 1965-1973, including records documenting projects conducted as part of the International Program in Ecology; and files of Lee Merriam Talbot, 1965-1971.

Historical Note
Historical Note
The history of the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences can be traced to July 1, 1965, when the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE) was created to assist in expanding the research opportunities of Smithsonian scientists and to aid in the coordination of ecological activities with other government agencies. From its creation until 1966, the SOE was an administrative unit of the National Museum of Natural History. In 1966, administrative responsibility for the SOE was transferred to the Assistant Secretary for Science. The Smithsonian's environmental sciences programs were reorganized under the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES) in 1970. At that time, the SOE became the Ecology Program of the newly created OES. In 1973, OES was merged with the Office of International Activities to form the Office of International and Environmental Programs (OIEP). The Ecology Program came under the administrative control of OIEP. The Ecology Program was abolished in 1974.
Administrators of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included Helmut K. Buechner, assistant director for ecology, 1965-1966, head, 1966-1968 (he also served as senior scientist, 1968-1971); Irvin Eugene Wallen, acting head, 1969; and Dale W. Jenkins, director, 1970-1973. Other staff included Lee Merriam Talbot, research biologist, 1965-1966, field representative, Ecology and Conservation, 1966-1967, deputy head and international field representative, 1968, resident ecologist, 1969-1971, and deputy director, 1972-1973; and Francis Raymond Fosberg, special assistant for tropical biology, 1965-1966.
Programs and bureaus under the administration of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970 the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies), 1965-1969; the Center for Natural Areas, 1972-1974; and the Peace Corps Environmental Program, 1972-1974.

Notes
SI Records

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 271, Smithsonian Institution,Office of Environmental Sciences, Ecology Program Records

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Buechner, Helmut K. (Helmut Karl) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fosberg, F. Raymond (Francis Raymond), 1908- Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jenkins, Dale W. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Talbot, Lee M. (Lee Merriam) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wallen, I. E. (Irvin Eugene), 1921- Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Office of Environmental Sciences. Ecology Program Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies. Office of Environmental Sciences Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ecology Program. Office of Environmental Sciences. Center for Natural Areas Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ecology Program. Office of Environmental Sciences. Smithsonian Institution-Peace Corps Environmental Program Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
International Program in Ecology Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution-Peace Corps Environmental Program. Ecology Program. Office of Environmental Sciences Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution-Peace Corps Environmental Program. Ecology Program. Office of International and Environmental Programs Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Ecology Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Office of Ecology. Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ecology Program. Office of International and Environmental Programs Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Ecology Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Coastal ecology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu