Ecology Program Records,
1965-1973
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 271
Creators:
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Environmental Sciences
Dates:
1965-1973
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
11.5 cu. ft. (23 document boxes)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
This record unit consists of files documenting the operation of the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE), 1965-1970, and its successor, the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES), 1970-1973. The records were created primarily by administrators Buechner, 1965-1968; Wallen, 1969; and Jenkins, 1970-1973. They include organizational files, 1965-1973; administrative records, 1965-1973, including material concerning the development of the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970, the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies) and the Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program; project files, 1965-1973, including records documenting projects conducted as part of the International Program in Ecology; and files of Lee Merriam Talbot, 1965-1971.

Historical Note
Historical Note
The history of the Ecology Program of the Office of Environmental Sciences can be traced to July 1, 1965, when the Smithsonian Office of Ecology (SOE) was created to assist in expanding the research opportunities of Smithsonian scientists and to aid in the coordination of ecological activities with other government agencies. From its creation until 1966, the SOE was an administrative unit of the National Museum of Natural History. In 1966, administrative responsibility for the SOE was transferred to the Assistant Secretary for Science. The Smithsonian's environmental sciences programs were reorganized under the Office of Environmental Sciences (OES) in 1970. At that time, the SOE became the Ecology Program of the newly created OES. In 1973, OES was merged with the Office of International Activities to form the Office of International and Environmental Programs (OIEP). The Ecology Program came under the administrative control of OIEP. The Ecology Program was abolished in 1974.
Administrators of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included Helmut K. Buechner, assistant director for ecology, 1965-1966, head, 1966-1968 (he also served as senior scientist, 1968-1971); Irvin Eugene Wallen, acting head, 1969; and Dale W. Jenkins, director, 1970-1973. Other staff included Lee Merriam Talbot, research biologist, 1965-1966, field representative, Ecology and Conservation, 1966-1967, deputy head and international field representative, 1968, resident ecologist, 1969-1971, and deputy director, 1972-1973; and Francis Raymond Fosberg, special assistant for tropical biology, 1965-1966.
Programs and bureaus under the administration of the Ecology Program of OES and its predecessor the SOE included the Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology (after 1970 the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies), 1965-1969; the Center for Natural Areas, 1972-1974; and the Peace Corps Environmental Program, 1972-1974.

Notes
SI Records

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 271, Smithsonian Institution, Office of Environmental Sciences, Ecology Program Records

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Talbot, Lee M. (Lee Merriam) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Buechner, Helmut K. (Helmut Karl) Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wallen, I. E. (Irvin Eugene), 1921- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Jenkins, Dale W. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fosberg, F. Raymond (Francis Raymond), 1908-1993 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Ecology Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Office of Environmental Sciences. Ecology Program Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian-Peace Corps Environmental Program Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
International Program in Ecology Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Assistant Secretary for Science Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Office of International and Environmental Programs Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Smithsonian Institution. Center for Natural Areas Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Coastal ecology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Research Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Environmental sciences Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Serials (publications) Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Maps Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu