In 1961, an organization and methods unit was created informally under the Assistant Secretary, with the Supervisory Management Analyst in charge. The unit was formally recognized as the Organization and Methods Division in 1964; became the Administrative Systems Division (ASD) in 1968; and the Management Analysis Office (MAO) in 1972. Ann S. Campbell was Chief, ASD, 1968-1972, and Director, MAO, 1972-1980. John G. Motheral became Director of MAO in 1980.
The primary responsibilities of the Office have included surveys of Smithsonian offices, focusing on their function, objectives, staffing, and procedures, and recommending and developing operational changes as requested. MAO coordinates, prepares, and issues Smithsonian directives, including Smithsonian Manuals, Office Memoranda, and Announcements. In addition, MAO provides assistance in preparing, drafting, and controlling the use of Smithsonian forms. The Office gathers Smithsonian-wide information for institutional reporting to federal agencies, such as preparing the Smithsonian entry for the Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance.