Henderson Family Papers,
1868-1923

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7075
Dates:
1868-1923
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1.2 linear meters.
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women’s Committee.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
The Henderson family papers contains John Brooks Henderson, Jr.'s correspondence; literary manuscripts; scientific notebooks; lists of shells from the Caribbean, Maine, and North Carolina; Henderson family correspondence, including John Brooks Henderson, Jr.'s correspondence describing his travels, and correspondence concerning the endorsement of Irving Fisher for secretary of the Smithsonian Institution; canceled checks; appointment calendars; medical and real estate records; notes, genealogy; Mary Foote Henderson's recipe and guest books; also records from the United States Treasury Department on imports and exports; immigration and population statistics; federal expenditure statistics, 1892-1893; photographs, some of which were taken by Matthew Brady; blueprints and architectural drawings; and newspaper and journal articles.

Historical Note
Historical Note
John Brooks Henderson (1826-1913), a lawyer and politician, served as United States senator from Missouri from 1862 to 1869. In 1869, he returned to St. Louis where he practiced law and remained active in both local and national politics. In 1889, he retired from practice and moved to Washington, D.C. From 1892-1911, he served as a citizen member of the Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents.
Henderson's wife, Mary Foote Henderson (1841-1931), was involved in the suffrage and temperance movements. She was also a well-known socialite in Washington and a devotee of the arts, as well as an author of children's books and books on health.
John Brooks Henderson, Jr. (1870-1923), the son of John Brooks and Mary Foote Henderson, graduated from Harvard University in 1891 and Columbian Law School (now George Washington University) in 1893. From 1896-1897, Henderson was secretary to John W. Foster, a diplomatic advisor to the Chinese government. In 1897, he traveled with General Nelson A. Miles on a tour of Europe and the Ottoman Empire as a civilian observer of the armies of the great European powers. He was appointed a citizen member of the Smithsonian Institution Board of Regents in 1911 and retained that post until his death. Interested in shell collecting as a youth, Henderson later concentrated on marine shell life of the West Indies and participated in several expeditions to the Caribbean. His collections were donated to the United States National Museum. He did volunteer work in the Division of Mollusks in his spare time, and wrote several articles for the Proceedings of the United States National Museum and Bulletin of the United States National Museum. He was the author of American Diplomatic Questions, 1901, and The Cruise of the Tomas Barrera, 1916, based on his expedition to Cuba in 1914.

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7075, , Henderson Family Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Brady, Mathew B., 1823 (ca.)-1896 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Clapp, George H., 1858-1949 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Nutting, Charles Cleveland, 1858-1927 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pilsbry, Henry Augustus, b. 1862 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fisher, Irving. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Henderson, J. B. (John Brooks), 1870-1923 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Henderson, J. B. (John Brooks), 1870-1923 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Henderson, Mary F. (Mary Foote), 1842-1931. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Simpson, Charles Torrey, 1846-1932 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Board of Regents Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Zoology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Architectural drawings Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu