F. G. (Frank Getz) Ashbrook Papers,
circa 1915-1965

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7143
Creators:
Ashbrook, F. G, (Frank Getz), 1892-
Dates:
circa 1915-1965
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
2.6 linear meters.
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
These records include correspondence, statistics, journal articles, and newspaper clippings concerning the fur industry, fur farming, and fur resources; research investigations on domestically raised fur animals; laws and tariffs concerning textiles and fur trading; correspondence concerning the China dog-skin case, 1934-1942; correspondence regarding the history of the fur trade and the Division of Fur Resources; Reorganization Act of 1939; the transfer of the Division's functions concerning domestic fur animals to the Animal Husbandry Research Division, 1946-1947; and reports by Frank G. Ashbrook and other staff members on trips to fur animal experiment stations, wildlife refuges, private fur farms, and fur association meetings.
Correspondents include Frank G. Ashbrook, Gerald J. Boileau, Ned Dearborn, James F. Donnelly, Herbert L. Dozier, Robert K. Enders, Ira N. Gabrielson, William Temple Hornaday, Harold L. Ickes, Joseph R. Jackson, Marvin Jones, Charles E. Kellogg, Charles D. Lawrence, Richard H. Manville, Merle H. Markley, Harold N. Marsh, David C. Mills, Urban C. Nelson, Martin R. Nicholson, Walter J. Scott, Harold D. Smith, Frank K. Sturgis, Edwin R. Theis, Henry Wagner, Henry Wallace, Edwin M. Watson, M. L. Wilson, Stanley P. Young.

Historical Note
Historical Note
The Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture, developed an interest in the production of fur-bearing animals when fur prices began rising in the late 1890s and early 1900s and the depletion of wild fur-bearing animals increased. In 1911 the Bureau proposed that the National Zoological Park in Washington, D.C., conduct experiments in the breeding of minks. Experiment stations and research projects were later established in Saratoga Springs, New York (1923), Fontana, California (1927), and Petersberg, Alaska (1937). Cooperative research projects with Swarthmore College and Cornell University were started in 1938, and fur fiber investigations were initiated at Beltsville, Maryland, that same year. In 1924 the Bureau established the Division of Fur Resources to coordinate and conduct research investigations and gather statistics on fur farming.
Under the Reorganization Act of 1939 the Division along with the Bureau became part of the Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Department of Interior. In 1946-1947 the Division's functions related to the breeding, producing, and marketing of domestically raised fur-bearing animals were transferred to the Animal Husbandry Research Division of the Department of Agriculture.
Most of these records belong to the files of Frank G. Ashbrook. Ashbrook was appointed Junior Animal Husbandman, USDA, in 1914. He was placed in charge of the fur animal experiment station in Saratoga Springs in 1923 and in 1924 became in charge of the newly organized Division of Fur Resources.
Ashbrook was appointed by Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson in 1930 as commissioner general to represent the United States at the International Fur Trade Exposition and Congress held in Leipzig, Germany. In 1942 he advised the War Department on the use of furs during wartime. Ashbrook transferred to the Department of Interior under the Reorganization Act of 1939 and in 1949 became civilian-in-charge of Wildfur Animal Investigations, Branch of Wildlife Research, Fish and Wildlife Service. In 1953 he was elected fur man of the year. Ashbrook retired from government service in 1957.
A small amount of material filed into the records belongs to Stanley P. Young and Richard H. Manville, former directors of the Bird and Mammal Laboratory located in the National Museum of Natural History.

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7143, Ashbrook, F. G, (Frank Getz), 1892-, F. G. (Frank Getz) Ashbrook Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Ashbrook, F. G. (Frank Getz), 1892- Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Animal Husbandry Research Division (USDA) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fur Animal Experiment Station (Saratoga Springs, N.Y.) (USDA) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Division of Fur Resources. Bureau of Biological Survey. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Division of Fur Resources. Fish and Wildlife Service. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Saratoga Springs (N.Y.). Fur Animal Experiment Station (USDA) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mammalogy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Fur Trade Exposition and Congress, International (1930 : Leipzig) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
International Fur Trade Exposition and Congress (1930 : Leipzig) Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu