Hartley H. T. Jackson Papers,
circa 1883-1976
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7172
Creators:
Jackson, Hartley H. T. (Hartley Harrad Thompson), 1881-1976
Dates:
circa 1883-1976
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
10.34 cu. ft. (19 document boxes) (1 16x20 box) (1 3x5 box)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.
The papers of Hartley H. T. Jackson were received by the Smithsonian Institution Archives in two accessions. The first accession was transferred from the Bird and Mammal Laboratories, United States Department of Interior, in 1973; an additional collection was donated by Dr. Francis Barkalow in 1981.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
This collection documents the professional career and personal life of Hartley H. T. Jackson. Particularly well represented are materials documenting his career with the Bureau of Biological Survey; his research and publications on mammals; his membership in and work with professional groups and committees; and his family life. Smaller amounts of records concern his early interest in natural history and his education.
The papers include correspondence with professional associates, family members, and friends; correspondence, maps, lists, reports, and related materials documenting his government career; correspondence, photographs, awards, and other records concerning his affiliations with professional organizations, especially the American Society of Mammalogists, the Baird Ornithological Club, and the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences; photographs of Jackson, his family and friends, professional colleagues, Bureau of Biological Survey field work, and other career related subjects; lantern slides of naturalists, field trips, and Alaska; a set of publications of Jackson, and related records concerning his book Mammals of Wisconsin; a diary written in 1908; biographical information on Jackson; and various materials collected by Jackson, which include pen and ink drawings by Luis Agassiz Fuertes.

Historical Note
Historical Note
Hartley H. T. Jackson (1881-1976) was a native of Milton, Wisconsin where he started his studies in zoology at age 11. In his early years he became acquainted with Ludwig Kumlien, later his college teacher, and Ned Hollister, then a Wisconsin naturalist. Following his graduation in 1904 from Milton College he taught science in Missouri, Wisconsin and Illinois before taking a graduate scholarship at the University of Wisconsin, where he received his Master's degree in 1909. While at Wisconsin, Jackson taught laboratory zoology and identified, arranged and catalogued the Department's bird collection. During the summers he worked with the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey.
In 1910, the Bureau of Biological Survey offered Jackson a position on its research staff, and he was placed in charge of the Bureau's mammal collection. In 1924 he became chief of the Division of Biological Investigations and in 1936 was placed in charge of the Section of Wildlife Surveys, later Biological Surveys. He remained in that position until 1951 when the Section was merged with that of Distribution and Migration of Birds, and he became mammalogist in the new Section of Distribution of Birds and Mammals.
Jackson was one of the founders of the American Society of Mammalogists and served as chairman of its organizing committee in 1919. He has also served the Society as corresponding secretary, 1919-25; editor of the Journal of Mammalogy, 1925-1929; and president; 1938-1940.
His primary research interests were the mammalogy of his native state, the life zone concept of Clinton Hart Merriam, and the taxonomy of mammals and mammal distribution. He published extensively, his major work being the Mammals of Wisconsin, 1961.

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7172, Hartley H. T. Jackson Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Jackson, Hartley H. T. (Hartley Harrad Thompson), 1881-1976 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kumlien, Ludwig, 1853-1902 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hollister, N. (Ned), 1876-1924 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Society of Mammalogists Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. War Production Board Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Baird Ornithological Club of Washington, D.C. Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States Civil Service Commission Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Bureau of Biological Survey Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Milton Academy (Milton, Wis.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
University of Wisconsin Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Department of Agriculture Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Entomology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Natural history Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ornithology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mammalogy Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mammalogists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Glass negatives Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Diaries Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu