William Harding Longley Papers,
1892-1904, 1913-1935 and undated
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7223
Creators:
Longley, William Harding, 1881-1937
Dates:
1892-1904, 1913-1935 and undated
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
1.93 cu. ft. (2 document boxes) (1 tall document box) (1 half document box) (5 microfilm reels)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
These papers contain notebooks of William Harding Longley concerning field work in the Tortugas, Hawaii, Samoa, and the Pacific; examination of specimens in European and American museums; and the evolution and distribution of species, including notes on botanical species. There is also a notebook which is marked as Longley's, but appears to be an A. B. Alexander field journal for the North Pacific, 1892-1904.

Historical Note
Historical Note
William Harding Longley (1881-1937) was born in Nova Scotia. Following his graduation from Acadia University in 1898, Longley served in the provincial school system until he entered Yale about 1903. While there, he specialized in biology and received a position as instructor in the subject in 1910. The following year, Goucher College in Baltimore appointed him instructor in biology and assistant professor of botany. Longley remained at Goucher until his death, becoming professor of botany in 1914, chairman of the department of biology in 1917, and professor of biology in 1919.
Longley's major scientific work was done in connection with the Dry Tortugas Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, where he first went as a collector in 1911. He returned often in subsequent years to study color and pattern in tropical reef fishes as a means of testing Darwin's theories on protective coloration. His studies in this field led him to develop a comprehensive statistical theory on the origin and spread of species, some notes on which are in this collection. His close association with the Laboratory led to his appointment as its director in 1922.

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7223, William Harding Longley Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Longley, William Harding, 1881-1937 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Alexander, A. B. (Alvin Burton), b. 1854 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Acadia University Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Yale University Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Goucher College Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Carnegie Institution of Washington. Tortugas Laboratory Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Botany Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ichthyology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ichthyologists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Field notes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu