Paul David Hurd Papers,
1938-1982 and undated
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7311
Creators:
Hurd, Paul David, 1921-
Dates:
1938-1982 and undated
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
30.30 cu. ft. (60 document boxes) (2 oversize folders)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
These papers document the professional career and to a lesser extent the personal life of Paul D. Hurd, Jr., between 1938 and 1982. Particularly well represented in the papers is material concerning his research on the insect order Hymenoptera; his teaching and research career at the University of California, Berkeley; his administrative duties at the National Science Foundation; his curatorial and administrative activities at the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH); field work and collecting trips; and his participation in professional organizations.
A large part of the collection consists of correspondence written and received by Hurd between 1942 and 1982. The correspondence illustrates all aspects of his career and includes letters with domestic and foreign entomologists; colleagues at the University of California, Berkeley, the National Science Foundation, and the National Museum of Natural History; staff of professional organizations, journals, and publishers; and personal friends.
Papers documenting Hurd's research on the Hymenoptera include correspondence, field notes, research notes, manuscripts, specimen lists, and photographs relating to his work on the carpenter bees. Similar records illustrate his study of the squash and gourd bees, and his research project on the bee pollinators of the creosote bush. Thoroughly documented is his work as co-editor and author of the revised Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico. Also included is a research file primarily concerning the Hymenoptera.
The collection also includes field notes, correspondence, and related materials documenting field work and collecting trips in the western and southwestern United States, Alaska, and Mexico; desk diaries maintained by Hurd during his tenure as Chairman, Department of Entomology, NMNH; and correspondence, class notes, lecture notes, copies of examinations, and related materials documenting his student days and teaching career at the University of California, Berkeley.

Historical Note
Historical Note
Paul D. Hurd, Jr. (1921-1982), entomologist, educator, and museum curator, was an authority on the taxonomy and biology of bees. He developed an interest in natural history, especially birds, after his family moved to the Mojave Desert region of California. His first published paper, a report on a bird census in Newport Upper Bay, California, appeared in Audubon Magazine in 1941. In 1940, Hurd enrolled at the University of California, Berkeley, to study entomology. His undergraduate work was interrupted between 1942 and 1945 while he served in the United States Navy as a Chief Pharmacist's Mate. He resumed his studies at Berkeley in 1946 and received the B.S. degree in 1947; the M.S. degree in 1948; and his Ph.D. degree in 1950.
Hurd remained at Berkeley to begin his professional career, receiving appointment as Senior Museum Entomologist in 1950. As his career advanced Hurd was given teaching, as well as research responsibilities. By 1965, he had attained the rank of Professor of Entomology and Entomologist in the California Agricultural Experiment Station. Hurd's duties at Berkeley included responsibility for the California Insect Survey where he directed numerous field trips and contributed to the development of the University's collection of native insects. During 1967 and 1968 Hurd took leave of absence from the University to join the National Science Foundation as Associate Program Director in the Division of Biological and Medical Sciences. In 1970, Hurd accepted appointment as Curator in the Department of Entomology, National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). His service at NMNH included a term as Chairman of the Department of Entomology from 1971 to 1976. He was appointed Senior Scientist in 1980.
Hurd's research interests were broad, and he published on several of the families of the order Hymenoptera, including Mutillidae, Pompilidae, Anthophoridae, Megachilidae, and Halictidae. He also published papers on certain families of the orders Coleoptera and Diptera. However, most of his research was devoted to the bees of the superfamily Apoidea. Hurd published over twenty papers and books on the carpenter bees (Xylocopinae) including A Classification of the Large Carpenter Bees, co-authored with Jesus S. Moure. Another major research interest was the pollination of plants by insects. He conducted extensive studies on the bee pollinators of the squashes, gourds, and other plants of the genus Cucurbita. He also studied the pollination of the creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). Hurd's research at the National Museum of Natural History was highlighted by his duties as co-editor of the revised Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico published in 1979. While most of Hurd's field work was concentrated in California and the southwestern United States, he also conducted studies in Alaska, Mexico, South America, and Central America.
Hurd was active within the entomological profession, and he served several organizations in an appointed or elected capacity. For several years he was editor of the Pan-Pacific Entomologist, journal of the Pacific Coast Entomological Society. As a member of the Entomological Society of America, Hurd worked on the Governing Board and served as Chairman of the Advisory Committee for Systematics Resources in Entomology. He was also President of the Association for Tropical Biology, 1969-1970; Section Editor (Hymenoptera) for Biological Abstracts; and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and of the California Academy of Sciences.
For additional biographical information on Hurd see Karl V. Krombein and E. Gorton Linsley, "Paul David Hurd, Jr., 1921-1982," Pan-Pacific Entomologist, October 1982, vol. 58, no. 4, pp. 262-277.

Chronology
Chronology
1921
Born in Chicago, Illinois, April 2
1941
Published first paper on California bird census in Audubon Magazine
1942-1945
Service in the United States Navy in the South Pacific
1947
Bachelor of Science, University of California, Berkeley
1948
Master of Science, University of California, Berkeley
1950
Ph. D., University of California, Berkeley
1950-1952
Senior Museum Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley
1950-1963
Editor, Pan-Pacific Entomologist
1952-1953
Field work analyzing soil invertebrates at Point Barrow, Alaska
1952-1954
Junior Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley
1954-1959
Lecturer in Entomology and Assistant Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley
1956
Field work investigating fossiliferous amber in Chiapas, Mexico
1959-1960
Fulbright Commission/Guggenheim Foundation Research Scholar and Fellow, Universidade da Parana, Curitiba, Brazil
1959-1960
Field Work in Central and South America
1959-1965
Lecturer in Entomology and Associate Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley
1963
Field work in Costa Rica and Panama
1963
A Classification of the Large Carpenter Bees (with J. S. Moure). University of California Publication Entomol. : 29
1964
Trip to study carpenter bee type specimens in European museums
1965
Field work in Venezuela and Colombia
1965-1970
Professor of Entomology and Entomologist, University of California, Berkeley
1967
Field work in Argentina and Brazil
1967-1968
Associate Program Director, Division of Biological and Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation
1969-1970
President, Association for Tropical Biology
1970
A Classification of the Squash and Gourd Bees Peponapis and Xenoglossa (with E. G. Linsley). University of California Publication Entomol. : 62
1970-1971
Curator, Division of Hemiptera and Hymenoptera, Department of Entomology, National Museum of Natural History (NMNH)
1971-1973
International Biological Program/National Science Foundation Larrea Bee Project
1971-1976
Chairman, Department of Entomology, NMNH
1972-1975
Member of Governing Board, Entomological Society of America (ESA)
1973-1975
Chairman, Advisory Committee for Systematics Resources in Entomology (ESA)
1975
The Principal Larrea Bees of the Southwestern United States (with E. G. Linsley) Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology : 193
1976-1980
Curator, Department of Entomology, NMNH
1979
Catalog of Hymenoptera in America North of Mexico (co-editor and author of Apoidea section) Smithsonian Institution Press
1980
Principal Sunflower Bees of North America with emphasis on the Southwestern United States (with W. E. LaBerge and E. G. Linsley) Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology : 310
1980-1982
Senior Scientist, Department of Entomology, NMNH
1982
Death, March 12

Administration
Oversize
This collection contains oversize material.
Author
Finding aid prepared by Smithsonian Institution Archives

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7311, Paul David Hurd Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Hurd, Paul David, 1921- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Entomology Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
University of California, Berkeley Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
California Agricultural Experiment Station Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Science Foundation (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Entomological Society of America Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Pacific Coast Entomological Society Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Entomology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Entomologists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Field notes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Black-and-white photographs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu