Harry Hoogstraal (1917-1986) was an internationally renowned medical zoologist, entomologist, and specialist on ticks and tick-borne diseases. He received degrees from the University of Illinois (B.A., 1938 and M.S., 1942) and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (Ph.D., 1959 and D.Sc., 1971). After service in the United States Army during World War II, Hoogstraal was appointed Head of the Medical Zoology Department, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3), Cairo, Egypt. He held his post with NAMRU-3 from 1949 until his death.
Hoogstraal participated on several scientific expeditions, mostly between the years 1938 and 1949. Field work was conducted in Mexico, New Guinea, the Philippines, and Africa. His research produced over 500 publications, an eight volume bibliography of ticks and tick-borne diseases, and over 1,750 translated books and research articles, primarily from Russian. Hoogstraal amassed a large collection of ticks which was acquired by the National Museum of Natural History. He was active within the profession of medical zoology and served as President of the American Society of Parasitologists, 1984, and President-Elect of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1986. Hoogstraal was the recipient of numerous awards including the Henry Baldwin Ward Medal, American Society of Parasitologists, 1967; the Presidential Order of Merit, First Class, Arab Republic of Egypt, 1978; and the Walter Reed Medal, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1978.