Harry Hoogstraal Papers,
circa 1940-1986

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7454
Creators:
Hoogstraal, Harry, 1917-1986
Dates:
circa 1940-1986
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
113.74 cu. ft. (98 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (22 16x20 boxes) (2 oversize folders)
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
These papers document the professional career, and to a lesser extent, the personal affairs of Harry Hoogstraal. Most of the papers concern his work after he joined NAMRU-3 in 1949. There appears to be little documentation of his participation on scientific expeditions during the 1930s and 1940s. The papers primarily consist of a voluminous file of incoming and outgoing correspondence with medical zoologists, entomologists, physicians, museum personnel, NAMRU-3 colleagues, and personal friends concerning Hoogstraal's research on ticks and tick-borne diseases; NAMRU-3 business; the preparation and publication of scientific papers; the development of his tick collection; his translating work; and his activities as a member and officer of countless professional organizations. Also included are manuscripts and illustrations from scientific papers; records concerning the administration of NAMRU-3; and notes, lists and other data from Hoogstraal's research.

Historical Note
Historical Note
Harry Hoogstraal (1917-1986) was an internationally renowned medical zoologist, entomologist, and specialist on ticks and tick-borne diseases. He received degrees from the University of Illinois (B.A., 1938 and M.S., 1942) and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (Ph.D., 1959 and D.Sc., 1971). After service in the United States Army during World War II, Hoogstraal was appointed Head of the Medical Zoology Department, Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 (NAMRU-3), Cairo, Egypt. He held his post with NAMRU-3 from 1949 until his death.
Hoogstraal participated on several scientific expeditions, mostly between the years 1938 and 1949. Field work was conducted in Mexico, New Guinea, the Philippines, and Africa. His research produced over 500 publications, an eight volume bibliography of ticks and tick-borne diseases, and over 1,750 translated books and research articles, primarily from Russian. Hoogstraal amassed a large collection of ticks which was acquired by the National Museum of Natural History. He was active within the profession of medical zoology and served as President of the American Society of Parasitologists, 1984, and President-Elect of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1986. Hoogstraal was the recipient of numerous awards including the Henry Baldwin Ward Medal, American Society of Parasitologists, 1967; the Presidential Order of Merit, First Class, Arab Republic of Egypt, 1978; and the Walter Reed Medal, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1978.

Notes
Personal Papers

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7454, Harry Hoogstraal Papers

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Hoogstraal, Harry, 1917-1986 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 3 Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
University of Illinois at Chicago Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Army Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Society of Parasitologists Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Entomology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Entomologists Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ticks Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Scientific illustrations Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Manuscripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu