Senate of Scientists Oral History Interviews,
1975
Digitized Content

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9508
Creators:
Senate of Scientists Project (National Museum of Natural History)
Dates:
1975
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
19 audiotapes (Reference copies). 16 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conducts interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.
The Senate of Scientists Project was conducted at the suggestion of W. Donald Duckworth and with the support of then-chairman Erle G. Kauffman, to document the role of the Senate in the history of the National Museum of Natural History and the Institution.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
In 1975-1976, at the suggestion of W. Donald Duckworth, and with the support of then-chairman Erle G. Kauffman, the Smithsonian historian Pamela M. Henson conducted a series of ten interviews of senate officers about the history of the Senate of Scientists. The interviews document the formation of the Senate, contributions of its leaders, its activities from 1963 to 1976, and they provide an overview of its role in the museum and the Institution. Interviewees were: Richard S. Boardman, Martin A. Buzas, W. Donald Duckworth, Clifford Evans, Jr., Gordon G. Gibson, W. Duane Hope, Erle G. Kauffman, Porter M. Kier, Saul H. Riesenberg, and Clyde F. E. Roper. Boxes 1-10 contain transcripts of the interviews and cassette and digital audio copies of the original reel-to-reel recordings, which are in security storage. The interview consists of approximately 16.5 hours of tape, 563 pages of transcript, 16 digital audio files, and occupies 0.5 cubic feet of shelf space.
The recording of the interview of Richard S. Boardman may not be used without the written permission of Richard S. Boardman, or his heirs or assigns. The Clyde F. E. Roper interview has not been deeded to Smithsonian Institution Archives and cannot be used with the written permission of Clyde F. E. Roper or his heirs or assigns.
The Clyde F. E. Roper interview has not yet been accessioned into the Smithsonian Oral History Collection. Permission to use the draft transcript or recording must be secured from Clyde F. E. Roper or his heirs or assigns.

Historical Note
Historical Note
In 1963, a Senate of Scientists was formed to represent professional concerns of the scientific research staff of the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH) at the Smithsonian Institution. Molded on faculty senates in universities, the senate was structured to function as a trouble-shooter and source of collective opinion outside normal administrative channels. The executive arm of the senate is the council which manages the day-to-day activities and consists of a chairman, chairman-elect, secretary, and one councilor elected by each curatorial department. Full membership in the senate is restricted to scientists employed by the NMNH, but associate membership is extended to research associates of the museum and to scientists located in the museum but employed by related agencies, such as the United States Department of Agriculture and United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
When an issue arises that the senate deems is in need of attention, membership is polled for opinions, and the council forwards a report and/or recommendation to the appropriate administrator. Significant issues addressed by the senate include library service, publication policies, off-Mall storage and curatorial facilities, technical assistance, program offices, automated data processing facilities, and funding for systematics research. The senate has fostered lines of communication between Institution administrators and the non-administrative scientific staff. In addition, the senate has served as a stimulus to collegiality within the museum, through its "field guide to curators," seminars, teas, and dinner forums.

Notes
Oral Histories

Using the Collection
Prefered Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9508, Senate of Scientists Project (National Museum of Natural History), Senate of Scientists Oral History Interviews
Use Restriction
Restricted. The interviews with Clyde F. Roper do not have tape or transcript prefaces. Researchers may submit a written request to interviewee, heirs or assigns for written permission to use the tape or transcript. The tapes (not the transcripts) of the Richard S. Boardman interviews may not be reproduced, either in whole or in part, except as may be needed for the Smithsonian Institution Archives without Boardman's permission. Transferring office; Contact reference staff for details.

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Buzas, Martin A. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Duckworth, W. Donald Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gibson, Gordon D. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hope, W. Duane, 1935- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kauffman, Erle G. (Erle Galen), 1933- Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kier, Porter M. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Riesenberg, Saul H. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Roper, Clyde F. Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Henson, Pamela M. interviewer Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Duckworth, W. Donald. interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Evans, Clifford, 1920-1981 Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Gibson, Gordon D. interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Hope, W. Duane, 1935- interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kauffman, Erle G. (Erle Galen), 1933- interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Kier, Porter M. interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Riesenberg, Saul H. interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Roper, Clyde F. interviewee Personal Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Senate of Scientists Project (National Museum of Natural History) Corporate Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Museum curators -- Interviews Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Buzas, Martin A. interviewee Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oral history Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiotapes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Compact discs Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Transcripts Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu