The Research and Development (RAND) Corporation Interviews,
1987-1990

Summary
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9536
Dates:
1987-1990
Languages:
English
Physical Description:
files (Reference copies).
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

Introduction
Introduction
The Smithsonian Videohistory Program, funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation from 1986 until 1992, used video in historical research. Additional collections have been added since the grant project ended. Videohistory uses the video camera as a historical research tool to record moving visual information. Video works best in historical research when recording people at work in environments, explaining artifacts, demonstrating process, or in group discussion. The experimental program recorded projects that reflected the Institution's concern with the conduct of contemporary science and technology.
Smithsonian historians participated in the program to document visual aspects of their on-going historical research. Projects covered topics in the physical and biological sciences as well as in technological design and manufacture. To capture site, process, and interaction most effectively, projects were taped in offices, factories, quarries, laboratories, observatories, and museums. Resulting footage was duplicated, transcribed, and deposited in the Smithsonian Institution Archives for scholarship, education, and exhibition. The collection is open to qualified researchers.

Descriptive Entry
Descriptive Entry
Curator Joseph Tatarewicz, historian Martin Collins, and curator Paul Ceruzzi of the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum (NASM) conducted the eight interview sessions with three RAND moderators and twenty-two participants to document the unique role RAND played after 1945 in the military-industrial complex. In the first three sessions Tatarewicz and Collins interviewed three men who discussed the aerial reconnaissance technology RAND developed for the Air Force. In the fourth session Collins and RAND vice president Gus Shubert interviewed six former division heads who discussed the changing intellectual culture of the Corporation as it related to strategic policy development. In the last four sessions Paul Ceruzzi and RAND staff researchers Robert Anderson and Willis Ware interviewed thirteen men who helped pioneer computer development at RAND between 1945 and the late 1960s. Most of the sessions featured diagrams, photographs, and various artifacts to complement the discussion. The interviews were recorded in Santa Monica, California, and Washington, D.C., between January 1987 and June 1990.
This collection consists of eight interview sessions, separated into three collection divisions, totaling approximately 22:36 hours of recordings, and 497 pages of transcript. There are three generations of tape for each session: originals, dubbing masters, and reference copies. In total, this collection is comprised of 23 original videotapes (14 U-Matic videotapes, and 9 1" reels), 25 dubbing masters (25 U-Matic videotapes), and 15 reference copies (15 VHS videotapes). The collection has been remastered digitally, with 23 motion jpeg 2000 and 23 mpeg digital files for preservation, and 23 Windows Media Video and 23 Real Media Video digital files for reference.

Historical Note
Historical Note
The RAND (Research and Development) Corporation of Santa Monica, California, began as a United States Air Force Project in 1945 under contract to the Douglas Aircraft Company. Its broadly defined function was to study American national security and, in particular, the role of airpower in that context. Three years later, the Ford Foundation endowed RAND as a private, nonprofit research corporation "to further and promote scientific, educational and charitable purposes" to the nation's general benefit. As one of the first American "think tanks," however, its staff focused primarily on military and strategic issues funded by the U.S. government.

Notes
Oral Histories

Using the Collection
Preferred Citation
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9536, , The Research and Development (RAND) Corporation Interviews

Keywords
Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Davies, Merton E. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Katz, Amron H. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Levison, Walter. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bernstein, Morton I. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
DeLand, Edward C. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shaw, J. Clifford (John Clifford), 1922-1991 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shubert, Gustave. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Anderson, Robert. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Augenstein, Bruno W. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Barlow, Edward J. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Klein, Burton H. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Specht, Robert D. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Speier, Hans. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wohlstetter, Albert. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Greenwald, Irwin Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Uncapher, Keith Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ware, Willis Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
United States. Air Force Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Research and Development (RAND) Corporation Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Rand Corporation Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
RAND Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
History of science and technology Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Military history Topic Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Davies, Merton E. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Katz, Amron H. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Levison, Walter. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Bernstein, Morton I. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
DeLand, Edward C. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shaw, J. Clifford (John Clifford), 1922-1991 Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Shubert, Gustave. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ware, Willis interviewer. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Anderson, Robert. interviewer. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Augenstein, Bruno W. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Barlow, Edward J. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Klein, Burton H. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Specht, Robert D. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Speier, Hans. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Wohlstetter, Albert. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tatarewicz, Joseph N. interviewer. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Collins, Martin. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ceruzzi, Paul E. interviewer. Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Greenwald, Irwin Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Uncapher, Keith Name Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Interviews Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Videotapes Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Oral history Genre/Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

Repository Contact
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Washington, D.C.
Contact us at osiaref@si.edu