National Museum of the American Indian

Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection

Summary

Collection ID:
NMAI.AC.441
Creators:
United States Economic Development Administration
Dates:
approximately 1973
Languages:
English
.
Physical Description:
602 Slides (photographs)
9 Sound cassettes
Repository:
Slides and audio recordings produced by Intermedia Systems for the Economic Development Administration, United States Department of Commerce, presenting case histories on the following Native reservations— Uintah and Ouray (Ute), Metlakatla (Tsimshian), Warm Springs (Northern Paiute), Lummi, Fort Apache (Chiricahua Apache), and Mescalero (Mescalero Apache) reservations.

Scope and Contents

Scope and Contents
This collection includes 602 slides and 9 audiocassettes from produced by Intermedia Systems for the Economic Development Administration, United States Department of Commerce, presenting case histories on Indian Develpoment, circa 1973. The following Case Histories are included; Series 1: Uintah and Ouray (Ute), Series 2: Metlakatla (Tsimshian), Series 3: Warm Springs (Northern Paiute), Series 4: Lummi, Series 5: Fort Apache (Chiricahua Apache), and Series 6: Mescalero (Mescalero Apache). The slides include images of maps, statistics, landscape views highlighting economic development and community members at work. There are also groups of slides that are overviews titled; Series 7: "Development Professional," Series 8: "Indian Leader," and Series 9: "Business." Audiocassettes accompany each case history and overview.

Arrangement

Arrangement
Arranged in nine Series in the order received. First by Case Histories (Series 1-6), then by Overviews (Series 7-9).

Economic Development Administration (EDA)

Economic Development Administration (EDA)
In 1965, Congress passed the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 (PWEDA) (42 U.S.C. § 3121), which authorized the creation of the Economic Development Administration (EDA) to succeed the previous ARA organization. The newly created EDA organization retained many of the unique flexibilities and programs of the previous ARA program, with the exception that it was given a larger public works grant and loan program that had previously been afforded to ARA, and the previous authorities to support job training programs were removed and transferred to the Department of Labor.
In large measure, EDA was established to create and retain jobs and to help stimulate industrial and commercial growth in distressed rural and urban communities across the nation. PWEDA was authorized in support of President Johnson's domestic focus to create and expand programs that would provide distressed communities the resources needed to realize the benefits of progress other portions of the country were experiencing. Since the enactment of PWEDA in 1965, successive Congressional reauthorizations have expanded EDA's initial authority to provide the agency enhanced flexibility to carry out its mission.
For the three decades after PWEDA's initial passage, EDA primarily focused on providing assistance to help communities develop basic infrastructure, including water, sewer and roads. In the early-1970s EDA's portfolio expanded to include an extensive planning initiative which soon became the Partnership Planning program.
By the mid-1970s, EDA received special authority to create the Economic Adjustment Assistance Program, designed to address economic development challenges more proactively and more effectively. Authorized by the new Title IX of PWEDA during reauthorization in 1975, the Economic Adjustment Assistance Program specifically authorized the agency to take action in any area having or facing major structural changes to its economy. This change was designed to provide EDA the latitude needed to work proactively with local partners to address economic challenges before they became deep-rooted and more costly to the community in terms of lost jobs and revenues.
Source: https://www.eda.gov/archives/2016/50/history/

Administration

Author
Rachel Menyuk
Immediate Source of Acquisition
Gift of Vine Deloria Jr., 1992.
Processing Information
Processed by Rachel Menyuk, Processing Archivist, 2023.

Using the Collection

Conditions Governing Access
Access to NMAI Archives Center collections is by appointment only, Monday - Friday, 9:30 am - 4:30 pm. Please contact the archives to make an appointment (phone: 301-238-1400, email: nmaiarchives@si.edu).
Conditions Governing Use
Permission to publish materials from the collection must be requested from National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center. Please submit a written request to nmaiphotos@si.edu. For personal or classroom use, users are invited to download, print, photocopy, and distribute the images that are available online without prior written permission, provided that the files are not modified in any way, the Smithsonian Institution copyright notice (where applicable) is included, and the source of the image is identified as the National Museum of the American Indian. For more information please see the Smithsonian's Terms of Use and NMAI Archive Center's Digital Image request website.
Preferred Citation
Identification of specific item; Date (if known);Economic Development Administration "Case Histories" on Indian Development collection, NMAI.AC.441; National Museum of the American Indian Archives Center, Smithsonian Institution.

Keywords

Keywords table of terms and types.
Keyword Terms Keyword Types
Slides Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Audiocassettes Genre Form Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Ute Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Tsimshian [Metlakatla] Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Northern Paiute (Paviotso) [Warm Springs Reservation] Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Lummi Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Chiricahua Apache Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid
Mescalero Apache Cultural Context Search Smithsonian Collections Search ArchiveGrid

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