111 records — Page 10 of 12
Addresses Shropshire's career at RBL, including: Gatlinburg Symposium on Photomorphogenisis and visiting scientists; Shropshire's sabbatical at the University of Freiburg in Germany, with Hans Mohr, and his application process for sabbatical; work with David Correll and John Edwards on phytochrome, including disputes about research; the decision to move RBL out of the Smithsonian Castle, finding a new building, Secretary S. Dillon Ripley's decision to build a laboratory, and designing the laboratory in Rockville, Maryland; closing RBL for a year, compiling an annotated bibliography of phytochrome research; RBL rooms in the mid-1960s, rooms in the South Shed in the Smithsonian's South Yard, and use of the laboratory's carbon arc lamp; producing a movie on light effects called Secrets of Life with NBC; working on the Consortium of Washington, D.C., Area Universities, selecting topics for the Consortium, inviting lecturers for the Consortium, establishing relationships with local universities, S. Dillon Ripley's thoughts on granting degrees from the Smithsonian Institution, establishing contacts at the National Institute of Health; conflicts with the National Museum of Natural History and conflicts over laboratory procedures; Foreign Currency Program collaboration, solar radiation research in Sri Lanka, India and Israel; Shropshire's lectures at the University of Maryland, universities involved in the Consortium, Smithsonian employees and offices involved with the Consortium, end of the Consortium; scientists involved in the Consortium and controversial topics discussed at Consortium programs; assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., and the subsequent 1968 riots in Washington, D.C.; attempt at creating a program for African American students from the University of the District of Columbia; low pay of research scientists, 1960s salaries, hiring pay for a research scientist; trip to research site at Table Mountain in California, closing of Table Mountain station, and consolidating SAO research sites; changing technology for measuring solar radiation, introduction of computer programs such as FORTRAN, minimal computer collaboration with SAO, problems with early computer systems; shifting interests to molecular biology; Smithsonian during the 1968 riots, keeping the laboratory open, maintaining experiments during the riots, bomb scares, and evacuations of Smithsonian buildings during the riots; changes in security at the Smithsonian, introduction of I.D. tags; maintaining experiments despite weather, timeline of a phytochrome experiment, phytochrome experimental procedures; Atomic Energy Commission grant, lack of hiring restrictions; working at the RBL's Parklawn facility, security issues at Parklawn, and Shropshire's move to Maryland; difficulties of transportation to the Smithsonian buildings on the National Mall and to SERC, and development of SERC; Secretary Ripley's relationship to RBL and Ripley's administrative style; William Klein's role and sabbatical with the Atomic Energy Commission, Shropshire's role in writing contracts and annual reports; difficulty in finding funding, funding from commercial firms, including relationship with commercial lighting firms, and construction of special light chambers at Parklawn; and consultation for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), connection to Gilbert Gude, Klein's connection to the Solar Energy Society, research for various associations, concerns with relationships with commercial organizations, c. 1960s-1970s.
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9597
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Contained In:
Covers Shropshire's career at the RBL and SERC, including: work with the Atomic Energy Commission in the 1970s and 1980s, increase of Shropshire's administrative duties, balancing laboratory work with administrative duties, and drafting illustrations of experiments; Shropshire's work schedule, playing bridge at the Parklawn laboratory, and administrative work at lunch; Shropshire's work with Max Delbr?ck at Cold Spring Harbor, collaborative work, work under the Atomic Energy Commission grant, Shropshire as principal investigator, and Smithsonian employees' increasing contribution to the Atomic Energy Commission experiments; Smithsonian research grants, the importance of grants in RBL, issues of principal investigators and publications, problems caused by the laboratory's administrative structure, and Klein's limited experimental work; authorship on papers, importance of citation indexes, Delbr?ck's philosophy on authorship, changes the digital age has made in the publication process, and note keeping in a pre-Xerox age; differences between Robert Withrow and William Klein's administrative styles and transition in the world of scientific research in regards to authorship; Shropshire's offers to leave the Smithsonian, benefits of working at the Smithsonian, teaching relationship with George Washington University, and old system of job hiring; present day advances in field; Shropshire's nickname; difficulty in moving back to the university from the Smithsonian, and writing monographs; competition in Shropshire's field, phytochromes, photobiology as a small field, commercial applications of photobiology, influence of genetics on photobiology; visiting researchers working with solar energy, impact of evolution and environmental studies on all scientific fields; and Secretary Abbot and the Division of Radiation and Organisms, speculation about solar energy research, and importance of the development of light sources in the history of science, c. 1970s-1980s.
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9597
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Contained In:
Digitized Content Focuses on descriptions of photographs relating to the Smithsonian Institution, including: SAO at Table Mountain, California; Smithsonian Institution Castle basement laboratory facilities, laboratory employees and equipment; Smithsonian Institution Castle tower facilities, Secretary Abbot's office; scientific equipment and experiments in the Smithsonian Institution Castle basement, glass-blowing shop, and monochromator; experiments conducted in the South Yard of the Smithsonian Castle, solar measurement experiments; reminiscences of Secretary Abbot; Shropshire's Phycomyces experiments, sporangiophores; construction of L'Enfant Plaza and the area surrounding the Smithsonian Castle; reminiscences of William Klein; use of pyranometer and pyrheliometer; Abbot's secretary, Abbot's African expeditions; Alice P. Withrow; Avena coleoptiles, action spectrum images, Robert Withrow, photography, and avoidance response exposures; International Solar Energy Society Conference in Atlanta; sporangiophore hunting; Dave Dennison's photographs; John B. Wolff and a Warburg manometer; building the greenhouse at RBL's Parklawn facility; carbon dating laboratory equipment; construction of RBL's Parklawn facility; Dave Dennison and his photogeotropic equilibrium measuring instrument; Douglas and Rebecca Gettens Hayes; Parklawn facility laboratory floor plans, inside view of the South Yard greenhouse; Phycomyces sporangiophore; hydraulic lift at the Parklawn facility; James Matthew McCullough, Gilbert "Gil" Gude, Congressional Research Service; Shropshire working in the laboratory with John D. Azzara; employees at RBL; scientific images of light growth responses; and the machine shop in the Smithsonian Institution Building, c. 1900s-1980s.
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9597
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Contained In:
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
series
Collection ID:
Record Unit 7153
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

This series consists of weather forecasts made by Henry Helm Clayton for the Smithsonian Institution using solar radiation data, 1923-1925; meteorological data prepared and collected by Clayton; photographs of Clayton and meteorological phenomena; newspaper clippings regarding Clayton, meteorology, and weather forecasting; manuscripts and ...

[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
NASM.2018.0078
Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

Transit 4B Navigation Satellite, 15 Nov 61 ; Injun Satellites; Explorers 25, 40, & 52); Low Frequency Transionospheric Satellite (Lofti); Solar Radiation Satellites (Solrad) (See also: Explorers 30, 37, 44); Atlas Launch Vehicles (SLV-3); Mercury Project; OV-2 Satellites; Titan III, General; Avco, General; OV-1 (Orbital Vehicle One) Satellites; Sat...

[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Creators:
Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. Office of the Director
Dates:
1965-1986, with related records from circa 1903
Size:
19.85 cu. ft. (18 record storage boxes) (1 document box) (9 3x5 boxes)
Collection ID:
Record Unit 412
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

These records primarily document the research programs and administration of the Radiation Biology Laboratory (RBL), 1965-1983, and the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC), 1983-1986, under Director William H. Klein. Also included are smaller amounts of material created by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO) and the ...

Found In
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Creators:
Tousey, Richard, 1908-1997
Dates:
[ca. 1940s-1980s]
bulk [ca. 1960s]
Size:
14.13 Cubic feet ((7 records center boxes) (17 other boxes) (1 flatboxes))
Collection ID:
NASM.1997.0004
Repository:
National Air and Space Museum Archives

This collection consists of Tousey's professional papers, including the following types of material: notebooks, correspondence, speeches, minutes and proceedings, photographs and prints, coronagraphs, film, oral interview transcripts, lantern slides and glass plates.

Found In
Covers Shropshire's career, including: learning about photography from Robert Withrow; description of the Smithsonian Institution Castle's floor plan; values of drafting and photography skills; problems of title for his position, rigid civil service categories, problem with categorizing biophysics, charter membership in the Biophysical Society, and early developments in the field of biophysics; the launch of Sputnik, prospects of space travel, impact on science; various grants and funds for the laboratory, including the National Science Foundation and Atomic Energy Commission; tensions between the Division of Radiation and Organisms and the Museum of Natural History, Senate of Scientists; competition with SAO for funds, grant writing, General Electric and Westinghouse grants, army surplus supplies; split from SAO to become an independent laboratory in 1963, with increased funding; William Klein as an administrator, SI administrator's trips to the Arlington Bowling alley, setting research goals for the laboratory, funding, payrolls, and personnel management; his role as assistant director of the laboratory, including the hiring process; travel funds and the Foreign Currency Program; closing of the laboratory; establishing international connections, papers at international conferences and student researchers in the laboratory; progress of the field of biophysics; involvement in professional societies, membership in the American Society for Plant Physiology, Biophysical Society, Plant Physiology Society, and the American Society for Plant Photobiology, including Klein's work for the Plant Physiology Society; Shropshire's involvement in the Biophysical Society and American Society for Plant Photobiology, as well as changes in the field of photobiology; and Klein's involvement with the International Solar Energy Society, people involved in the network of scientists, Klein's involvement with the Atomic Energy Commission, c. 1950s-1960s.
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9597
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Contained In:
Digitized Content Continues description of photographs relating to the Smithsonian Institution, including: Robert Bruce Withrow's monochromator's structure and usage; cytogeneticist Chao Carl Moh, Leitz microscope; James M. "Slim" Honaker and Secretary Ripley; Eppley Laboratories' radiometers; Secretary Abbot, sun constant fluctuations, weather measurements; Dave Dennison's image documenting phototropic response, image of Phycomyces sporangiophore; Phycomyces exposures equipment; image of Phycomyces avoidance response, image of Phycomyces helix, photography techniques, Dave Dennison's image of Phycomyces hunting, circumnutation response; Lois Edgar's image of Phycomyces phototropic response, Phycomyces setup and power supply equipment; Phycomyces sporangiophores, Arabidopsis thaliana, genome sequencing; Phycomyces sporangiophores' light responses, sporangiophore forest, sporangiophore experiments, advances in scientific experimentation, microbots and microchips; problems with scientific research, the evolution of Shropshire's research; Phycomyces sporangiophores' response to high intensity light; the usage of pyranometers; images of Shropshire; Robert Withrow's small monochromator, solar radiation equipment on the Smithsonian Building's North Tower, Smithsonian Building; spectrophotometer prototype equipment used for research, procedures for sporangiophore experimentation; Shropshire's research conducted in Switzerland, images and procedures for transmission electromicroscopy, images of mitochondria and vacuoles; Dave Dennison's helix image and tropostat instrument designed by Dennison; double avoidance response experimentation, ratiospect instrument and its uses; Victor B. Elstad and William H. Klein's experimental work; sporangiophore weight experiment; Secretary Alexander Wetmore, Robert Bruce Withrow, and Darnell G. "Buddy" Talbert; Don Widmayer's growth chambers, spectral distribution for photoperiodism experimentation; William O. Smith's experimentation with Sandoz Pharmaceuticals Corporation chemicals and corn, Merten Jabben and Gerald Deitzer's experimentation with Sandoz chemicals; Shropshire's scientific experiments as a young boy, influence of Lise Meitner; and the RBL Christmas party in the Smithsonian Building, and the staff, c. 1900s-1980s.
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9597
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Contained In:
Discusses Whipple's research and tenure as director of the SAO, 1955-1976, especially: the Prairie Network, established to photograph meteorites and fireballs in order to calculate their orbits; comparisons of photographic and radio data on flare stars to identify radio noise from stars; development of stellar atmosphere models in the 1960s; automated data processing at SAO for research and to publish large data sets, such as the Star Catalog; importance of rapid publication of data, such as the standard earths; refinement of observational techniques used in the STP, Prairie Network, Radio Meteor Project, Orbiting Solar Observatory, and Orbiting Astronomical Observatories; his involvement in the lunar program; a national program for astrophysics in relation to NSF and NASA; SAO's minimal involvement with the Division of Radiation; SAO research projects on Greenland micrometeorite studies, neutrino searches, and atomic clock tests of the theory of relativity; development of an observatory on Mt. Hopkins, Arizona, with "pin money"; construction of the MMT on Mt. Hopkins in 1971; decrease in national funding for astrophysics in late 1960s and effects on SAO; transfer of the central bureaus to SAO, including the International Astronomical Union telegraph service and the Center for Short-Lived Phenomena; SAO research in the sixties, including support for the space telescope project, Edward L. Fireman's high energy research on meteorites, and the radio meteor program; reminiscences of colleagues, including Craig M. Merrihue, Imre G. Izsak, and Carlton W. Tillinghast; his role in the Apollo program and reminiscences of the first lunar landing in 1969; formation of the Center for Astrophysics after Whipple's retirement in 1973; his research strategy to encourage innovative work in meteoritics, geodetics, x-ray and radio astronomy; his current research on comet theory and tektites.
[ ]
Collapse
[ ]
Expand
Level:
file
Collection ID:
Record Unit 9520
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives
Contained In:
111 records — Page 10 of 12