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Creators:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943
Dates:
undated
Size:
1 Volume
52 Pages
Collection ID:
NAA.MS7071
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Consists of minutes of meetings of both the full committee and its subcommittees; includes lists of sponsoring institutions, Organization Committee members and officers, foreign Associate Secretaries, and Honorary Committee members.

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Creators:
Hrdlička, Aleš, 1869-1943
Dates:
1875-1966
bulk 1903-1943
Size:
206.71 Linear feet (294 boxes, 138 folders, 9 rolled items, and 4 folios)
Collection ID:
NAA.1974-31
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

The papers of Aleš Hrdlička, curator in the Division of Physical Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, United States National Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, offer considerable insight into the development of physical anthropology in the first half of this century. The papers include honors bestowed on Hrdlička, autobiographical notes, correspondence with many of the leading anthropologists of the day, anthropometric and osteometric measurements and observations (forming most of the collection), extensive photographs of Hrdlička's field work, manuscripts, research materials, and "My Journeys" (essentially a diary Hrdlička kept of his field work). In addition, there is material of a personal nature. The papers date from 1875 to 1966, but the bulk of the materials date from 1903 to 1943, the time of Hrdlička's career at the USNM.

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Creators:
Gibson, Gordon D. (Gordon Davis), 1915-2007
Dates:
1936-2007
Size:
95 Linear feet (154 document boxes, 1 manuscript folder, 63 card file boxes, 1 oversize box, plus 64 microfilm reels, 137 sound recordings, 3 map folders, and 3 sets of rolled maps )
Collection ID:
NAA.1984-13
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

This collection is comprised of the professional papers of Gordon D. Gibson. The collection contains his correspondence, field notes, research files, museum records, writings, photographs, sound recordings, and maps.The bulk of the collection consists of Gibson's southwestern Africa research. This includes his field notes, film scripts, photographs, sound recordings, and grant proposals he wrote in support of his fieldwork in Botswana, Namibia, and Angola. In addition, the collection contains his research notes, maps, drafts, publications, and papers presented at conferences. While most of his research focused on the Herero and Himba, the collection also contains his research on the Ovambo and Okavango and other southwestern African groups. In the collection is a great deal of photocopies and microfilms of literature on southwestern African ethnic groups, many of which are in Portuguese and German and which he had translated for his files. He was also interested in African material culture, especially Central African headgear. His research on African caps is well-represented in the collection, and includes photos of caps at various museums, source materials, research notes, and textile samples of knots and loop work. Gibson's files as the curator of African ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History also make up a significant portion of the collection. Among these records are his files for the museum's Hall of African Cultures and other African exhibits; his files on the museum's African collections, early donors and collectors of the collections; his personnel files; documents relating to his committee work; department and museum memos; meeting minutes; and his records as head of the Old World Division and acting chair of the department. The collection also documents the efforts to establish the Smithsonian's National Anthropological Film Center, now the Human Studies Film Archives, as well as his work on the planning committee to establish the Museum of Man at the Smithsonian. Memos and minutes relating to the Smithsonian's Center for the Study of Man are also present in the collection. In addition to Gibson's field photos, the collection also contains African photos taken by others. Among these are Herbert Friedmann's photos of Kenya; Hausmann's Libya photos; photos by Ralph Kepler Lewis during the Morden Africa Expedition in Kenya; and photos by Lawrence Marshall, Volkmar Wentzel, Alfred Martin Duggan Cronin, and Father Carlos Estermann. There are also photos of the exhibit cases from the Hall of African Cultures; photos of Smithsonian and non-Smithsonian African artifacts; and copies of photographs he obtained from different archives, including the National Anthropological Archives. Other materials in the collection include his files as film reviews editor for the American Anthropologist during the 1960s and 70s and his activities in different organizations.

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Creators:
Sturtevant, William C.
Dates:
1952-2007
Size:
220 Linear feet (The total extent of the collection is 191.41 linear feet (consisting of 473 document boxes and 2 record boxes) plus 254 sound recordings, 94 computer disks, 42 card file boxes, 85 oversize folders, 9 rolled items, 18 binder boxes, and 3 oversize boxes. Of the total extent, 4.79 linear feet (14 boxes) are restricted.)
Collection ID:
NAA.2008-24
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

This collection contains the professional papers of William Curtis Sturtevant and documents his activities as Curator of North American Ethnology at the National Museum of Natural History, his work as the editor-in-chief of the Handbook of North American Indians, his research among the Seminole and Iroquois people, and other professional activities. The collection is comprised of books, sound recordings, research and field notes, realia, artifacts, clippings, microfilm, negatives, slides, photographs, manuscripts, correspondence, memorandums, card files, exhibition catalogs, articles, and bibliographies.

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Creators:
Stewart, T. D. (Thomas Dale), 1901-1997
Dates:
1875-1991, bulk 1931-1991
bulk 1927-1991
Size:
65 Linear feet
Collection ID:
NAA.1988-33
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Thomas Dale Stewart was a physical and forensic anthropologist and worked at the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History from 1931 until his death in 1997. He worked under Ales Hrdlicka until 1943, became the head curator in 1960, director of the museum in 1962, and retired in 1971. Stewart's research interests included physical and forensic anthropology and archaeology, mostly in North and South America. He also worked with the F.B.I. frequently to aid in homicide investigations, and worked extensively with the U.S. Army to identify skeletal remains from the Korean War in Operation Glory. The Thomas Dale Stewart Papers primarily deal with his life and career at the Smithsonian, particularly his research projects and publications between 1931 and 1991. Materials consist mainly of correspondence, photographic material, dossiers based on writings and research projects, and administrative files.

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Creators:
Hanson, James A.
Conner, Stuart W.
Dempsey, Hugh A.
Ewers, John C. (John Canfield), 1909-1997
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Dates:
1945-1993
Size:
97 Linear feet
Collection ID:
NAA.1998-35
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

The John Canfield Ewers Papers document his wide ranging anthropological interests from early White depictions of Native Americans to the material culture of the Plains tribes through correspondence, exhibit catalogs, field notes, illustrations, lectures, maps, photocopies of archival materials, photographs, and writings. The collection includes ma...

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Creators:
Smithsonian Institution. International Exchange Service
Dates:
circa 1908-1971
Size:
21 cu. ft. (21 record storage boxes)
Collection ID:
Record Unit 502
Repository:
Smithsonian Institution Archives

These records consist of the correspondence of the director of the International Exchange Service along with invoices and shipping instructions. The bulk of the correspondence relates to the exchange of printed matter between parties in the United States and abroad.

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Creators:
Howard, James H., 1925-1982 (James Henri)
Woolworth, Alan R.
Weslager, C.A.
Witthoft, John, 1921-1993
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Dates:
1824-1992
bulk 1950-1982
Size:
10.25 Linear feet
Collection ID:
NAA.1994-30
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

To a considerable degree, the James H. Howard papers consist of manuscript copies of articles, book, speeches, and reviews that document his professional work in anthropology, ethnology, ethnohistory, archeology, linguistics, musicology, and folklore between 1950 and 1982. Among these are a few unpublished items. Notes are relatively scant, there being somewhat appreciable materials for the Chippewa, Choctaw, Creek, Dakota, Omaha, Ponca, Seminole, and Shawnee. The chief field materials represented in the collection are sound recordings and photographs, but many of the latter are yet to be unidentified. A series of color photographs of Indian artifacts in folders are mostly identified and represent the extensive American Indian Cultural collection of costumes and artifacts that Howard acquired and created. Other documents include copies of papers and other research materials of colleagues. There is very little original material related to archeological work in the collection and that which is present concerns contract work for the Lone State Steel Company.

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Creators:
Spencer, Frank, 1941-1999
Langham, Ian, 1942-1984
Dates:
1836-1999
bulk 1970-1999
Size:
40 Linear feet (94 boxes, 1 oversized box)
Collection ID:
NAA.2002-21
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

Frank Spencer was a historian of biological anthropology who began his career as a medical laboratory technician. His papers include correspondence, manuscripts, notes, research files, teaching materials, photographs, and audiotapes. Spencer's research on the Piltdown hoax as well as the Piltdown research of Ian Langham, whose work Spencer continued after his death in 1984, and Spencer's research on the life and career of Aleš Hrdlička for his dissertation are both represented in the collection.

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Creators:
National Museum of Natural History (U.S.). Department of Anthropology
Smithsonian Institution. Department of Anthropology
Smithsonian Institution. United States National Museum. Department of Anthropology
Dates:
1840s-circa 2015
Size:
330.25 Linear feet (519 boxes)
Collection ID:
NAA.XXXX.0311
Repository:
National Anthropological Archives

The Department of Anthropology records contain administrative and research materials produced by the department and its members from the time of the Smithsonian Institution's foundation until today.

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